Eschatology is the study of the end-time events described in the Bible. The word eschatology means “study of the last things”. The end of time is a theme that appears in many books of the Bible and eschatology seeks to organize and interpret this information.
- The signs of the end times
Nobody knows when the end of the world will happen, but the Bible talks about some events and signs that warn that the end is near. These signs serve as a warning, calling people to repentance, before it’s too late.
Here are some signs of the end times in the Bible.
- Notable end events
The last times will be marked by several important events, such as plagues, the appearance of the beast and a great final battle between the forces of good and evil. Some of these things will happen on the spiritual plane, while others will happen in the physical world. It will be terrible days but God will protect those who are faithful to Him.
- Jesus’ second coming
Jesus promised to return one day, to seek the saved and establish the Kingdom of God. When he comes, he will destroy his enemies, judge all people and reward those who love him. Jesus’ second coming is the Christian’s great hope.
Find out here: when will Jesus’ second coming be?
- The resurrection of the dead
When Jesus returns, all the dead will come back to life. Those who died in their sins will be resurrected to be judged and punished, but those saved by Jesus will be resurrected to eternal life. In this resurrection, the saved will receive new, spiritual bodies that are not degraded ( 1 Corinthians 15: 42-44 ).
- The rapture
In the end times, believers who are alive will be taken to Heaven to be with Jesus. There is much debate about when this will happen, but the Bible says it will be after the resurrection of the just ( 1 Thessalonians 4: 15-17 ).
Read here: What does the Bible say about the rapture of the church?
- The end of the earth
The current world will not last forever. At the end of time, God will destroy the earth, with all the curse of sin (
2 Peter 3:10
). Everything that is bad or imperfect will be destroyed. Then He will recreate everything, forming a heavenly land, where all the people who love Him will be able to live. In this new earth in Heaven, there will be no more sin or impurity.
- The destruction of Satan
In the great final battle, Satan will gather all of God’s enemies to fight against His people. But Jesus will come and all enemies will be destroyed. The devil will be arrested and then he will be judged. Your punishment will be an eternity of torment in the lake of fire.
Find out what the battle for Armageddon will be like.
- The Last Judgment
At the end of all things, all people who ever existed will have to stand before God. Each person’s life will be analyzed and judged. For those who were not saved by Jesus, the Last Judgment will be the time of condemnation for their mistakes. But for those who are saved, it will be the time of reward for the fidelity of each one.
- Heaven and Hell
After our death and the Last Judgment, we can go to one of two places: Heaven or Hell. Hell is described as a lake of fire that burns forever, where there will be much suffering. This will be the destiny of all who died in their sins, without repenting. But those who love Jesus will go to Heaven, where there will be no more pain or suffering. the saved will live forever with Jesus, in eternal joy!
See here more about what the Bible says about the end times.
Eschatology and the Bible
The Bible book with the most information for eschatology is the Apocalypse . The book of Revelation is almost entirely dedicated to the end times. Most Old Testament prophetic books also tell a lot about this topic. Jesus in his sermons and parables spoke a few times about the end times and there are hints of these events all over the Bible.
Among scholars of eschatology there is much debate about the order of events at the end: what is literal or symbolic, what has already happened or will still happen, when it will happen and who will go where. But the vast majority agree that the Bible says that these things will happen and that we must always be prepared , living in a way that pleases God ( 2 Peter 3: 13-14 ). This is the fundamental point of eschatology, regardless of the different theories.