Martin L. Perl . Polish-American physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1995 for the discovery of a new subatomic particle, the tauon or lepton tau, which has the same charge as the electron and a mass 3,500 times greater.
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- 1 Biographical data
- 2 Trajectory
- 3 Prize
- 4 Sources
He came from a family of Jews, who had left the Polish area of Russia fleeing anti-Semitism; Once in America , the father started a small company that gave him some economic stability, and allowed him to educate his children, Lila and Martin, in good schools. He obtained his graduation from the Brooklyn School at the early age of sixteen. After graduation, he enrolled at Brooklyn Polytechnic University and began studying Chemical Engineering. These studies were interrupted by the War; he then joined the United States Navy , and continued in the military until the end of his military service, despite the fact that the atomic bomb it had ended the war a few months earlier.
In 1948 he obtained the cum laude in Chemical Engineering at the aforementioned Polytechnic Institute; With the experience obtained there and the knowledge acquired, he entered the General Electric Company, and then moved to New York , the city where he worked in the engineering department of the Electron Tube Division, with the function of solving production problems. from the factory and the like. To perform these tasks he had to learn how an electron tube in which the vacuum had been made worked, so he was forced to take some courses in Atomic Physics and Advanced Calculus at Schenectady University, also in New York . In 1950entered the doctoral program at Columbia University ; He devoted himself to experimental physics and focused his research work on the use of the method of atomic resonance foci to measure the momentum of sodium nuclei . Five years later, he received his Doctor of Physics degree, and several offers from the Yale Department of Physics , the University of Illinois and the University of Michigan ; He directed his steps towards this last place, where the two best departments of elementary particle physics were located. He worked in the bubble chamber with Donald Glaser , work that he abandoned to dedicate himself, together with Lawrence W. Jones, to the investigation of the luminescent particle chamber that at that time became known as the sparks chamber; this move from one to the other was the subject of his speech when he collected the Nobel Prize
- He received the Nobel Prizein Physics in 1995 for the discovery of a new subatomic particle, the tauon or lepton tau, which has the same charge as the electron and a mass 3,500 times greater.