Make-up base (or corrective bases) also called beautifiers, they have the mission of unifying, clarifying and nuancing the skin in a discreet and soft way, providing a luminous effect.
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- 1 Functions
- 2 History
- 3 Application of a base
- 4 Bases of makeup according to skin type
- 5 colored correction bases
- 6 Application rules for a foundation
- 7 Sources
The bases optically correct the dull and gray appearance, visually erase imperfections and are the best to hide the bad face. They are presented as a fluid, light and transparent emulsion, in white or pastel shades and, in addition to brightening the skin, they act as light-correcting veils and counteract the yellowish or grayish tendency of the skin.
They allow to lighten the shaded areas, revalue the features and ensure better cohesion of the horny layer, which results in a smoother complexion . Its formulas are enriched with moisturizing and protective substances and with different assets, chosen according to the problem you want to hide, so that the treatment completes the camouflage effect of the color; Thus, for example, include plant extracts such as witch hazel or chamomile for its calming effects, cucumber or nettle for its skin-reviving properties, ruscus extract for its toning power, and licorice derivatives for its softening virtues.
The foundation is one of the products that has evolved the most to become a true treatment product, incorporating treating substances in its composition like those of any beauty cream. It is one of the latest products incorporated into the consumer makeup palette , since until the early 1980s it was only used by professional makeup artists and show people: mime, theater , circus , etc.
Chanel was the first firm to launch a base cream called “Blanc” on the market, inspired by the corrective bases of professional makeup artists. Since then it has been evolving, lightening its textures and incorporating different flesh tones to hide the defects and highlight the luminosity of the skin.
Application of a base
Corrective bases are always used in small quantities to achieve a lighting effect. They can be applied to the entire face if the skin looks bad, in an area to hide imperfections (spots, scars, dark circles, pimples) or, to attract light (around the eyes, around the lips, on the forehead, cheekbones, chin). It can also be mixed with the foundation to achieve a greater shine.
Makeup bases according to skin type
The base can be obtained in different types of consistency. Depending on the type of skin of the person, some bases will be more suitable than others.
Liquid base : It is the most common and most used. It goes well with any skin type. They are a good option when you have oily skin. Cream base : They are the most suitable when you have dry skin. If you have very oily skin it is not recommended. They are not very convenient for those people who have a tendency to suffer from acne and blackheads, since they can favor their appearance. Compact Base: They are a mixture between the makeup base and the compact powders. When you have shine on the skin or excessively oily skin, this base helps to diminish the effect and make the skin look more matte. Bar base: The bar bases usually fulfill the function of being also correcting. Its correct use requires more experience and care. When the undercoat is misapplied (for example, because there is a very thick undercoat), it can give a feeling of excessive makeup. Some sticks also include sunscreen or skin protectors and moisturizers among their components.
Colored correction bases
Colored correction bases have a different effect depending on color. To choose it you have to take into account the skin tone, the environment, spotlights, lights, daylight, and the specific properties of each one. “The Red Book of Beauty”. Alianza Editorial points out different types of correction creams: White: it forms a very pure homogeneous background that gives the skin an open transparency and a unified smooth effect. Rosa: provides a good face throughout the year; rejuvenates, unifies and illuminates very naturally and refreshes dull skin. It is highly recommended for matte, dull or olive skin, which provides a glow that they lack. Green: hides blemishes and scars and is perfect for concealing redness and couperose. Mauve: catches light, refreshes olive tones or tired skin. Indicated for congested or blonde skin with fair skin. Blue: very flattering at night on matte or dark skin, since it evens out the grain of the skin and illuminates the tone
Application rules for a foundation
- Choose the tone that harmonizes with the light or dark of your skin
And, within this range, those that best adapt to the background hue of your skin, which can be rather pink or turning yellow. To do this, apply three or four tones that seem best to you along the line of your jaw and choose the one that seems to have disappeared because it has spread with the skin.
- You should always use both makeup foundation and powder in yellow tones. The reason is that 90% of women have a complexion that tends towards yellow and not pink, as is believed. If the base is not the same color as the skin itself, the effect is not natural. “
- Put on makeup in the right light. It is essential for the result to be flattering. The best light to paint yourself is the one that others will see you with after painting. That is, “if you put on makeup to go out during the day, the natural one is perfect, but if you are going out at night … choose the white of a light bulb”.
- Apply a small amount, spreading well and mixing. The objective is to deposit it on the skin, not drag it along it. If you move the sponge making stripes, while you apply it in one area, you take it from the previous one. Better do it with gentle taps and just drag a little when you reach the hairline, the jaw and the contours of the nose and eyes.
The fundamental objective of the makeup base is to illuminate, favor, improve the skin in a natural way, without the products being seen, that the skin reflects health.
- On the other hand, the foundation is used to help make-upthat is on top stay better and last longer. The base acts as a fixative to prevent makeup from smearing. This function will be best accomplished by putting a little loose powder on top of the base.