John Boyd Orr . British physiologist . He was responsible for the campaigns carried out after World War II to improve agriculture in the world and meet the needs of the growing population. Specialized in human and animal nutrition, he held the position of FAO First Secretary-General . In 1949 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize .
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- 1 Biography
- 1 Studies
- 2 Nutrition work
- 3 Withdrawal
- 2 Awards and recognitions
- 3 Sources
He was born on 23 September as as 1880 in Kilmaurs , Scotland . He studied at the University of Glasgow . He was Professor of Agriculture at the University of Aberdeen from 1942 to 1945 , the year he was appointed Rector of the University of Glasgow . In 1946 and 1947 he was director general of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). He contributed to the science of nutrition and authored many books on the subject. John Boyd argued that the vicious circle of the agricultural crisis and poor urban nutrition could be solved by increasing the production of healthy foods, rich in minerals and vitamins. It was a scientific alternative to the traditional and charitable setting of soup kitchens. In the early 1930s. Rewarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949 . His autobiography was published in 1966. In 1925 he was knighted and in 1949 baron. He passed away on June 25 , 1971 in Glasgow .
He began his studies in Art at the University of Glasgow where he subsequently served as professor for three years. Later he returned to the university to study medicine and biology , specializing in nutrition and becoming director of nutrition at the Aberdeen Institute .
During the First World War he served as a military doctor in the British Navy , first actively and later in carrying out diets for soldiers. At the end of the war he began working at the Rowett Research Institute , obtaining funds for its expansion, and where, around 1920 , he changed the direction of his studies in search of animal nutrition to human nutrition. Orr, as Rector of the University of Glasgow, was chosen member of the British Parliament as an independent on behalf of the Universities of Scotland in the elections of April of 1945, although he rejected the seat the following year. After World War II Orr quit his job at the Rowett Institute to become director of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an organization under the United Nations, where he made plans to improve production, as well as their equal distribution throughout the planet, but they did not get the necessary support from the United Kingdom and the United States .
Resigned by the misunderstanding of his plan, he quit his job at FAO and managed to raise a great fortune as a stock exchange investor.
In 1949 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his scientific research in the field of nutrition and his work with the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Orr, thanks to his fortune, donated the entire prize to various pacifist organizations.