Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder related to exaggerated dissatisfaction with body weight . Always thinking that the weight is above the ideal, the affected person obsessively searches for a supposed weight loss. Thus, he tends to fast, exercise in exaggerated frequency and intensity, and take laxatives and diuretics, even if he is extremely thin.
Anorexia nervosa is one of the most fatal mental illnesses: According to studies, between 5% and 20% of people who suffer from anorexia will die. Although at least 90% of people who suffer from anorexia are female and usually appear in adolescence, the disease can affect anyone : women and men of all ages and with all body types.
How to identify the symptoms?
One of the first signs of anorexia is food-centered concern . The behavior can be compulsive or obsessive, and it consumes your time more and more. Irregular patterns in meals will be noticed by others, and anorexics tend to distance themselves from friends and family.
The individual is very afraid of gaining weight, or being overweight, even though he is under ideal weight. Having a very distorted body image, having a lot of focus on weight or body shape, and the refusal to admit the severity of weight loss are another symptom.
How to treat the disease?
In general, an individual with this eating disorder needs many types of treatment. The focus of treatment for anorexia is on regaining body weight and standard eating habits. Nutritionists and therapists are the ideal professionals. Gaining weight from 0.5 to 1.4 kg weekly is a goal safely determined by doctors.
In general, treatment for anorexia is not easy and requires great attention and persistence from both patients and their families . Depending on the case, several therapies can be used until the patient overcomes the disorder.
The goal of therapy is to change a patient’s thoughts or behavior to encourage him to eat healthier , this type of therapy is used to treat younger patients who have not had anorexia for a long time. If the patient is young, therapy may involve family members and others close to the patient.