To communicate, people use different ways of saying and expressing themselves. And one of them is to communicate narrating, which supposes doing it according to some characteristics in particular, that differentiate it from other “ways of saying” . In the narration, a fact is told chronologically , that is, as it has happened through time, through which different actions that give body to the event or event in general have surely been happening.
For example, I want to tell you that today my work day was quite complicated: surely, I will start by saying that the bus was delayed and I was late, then I had some discussions with a co-worker, and finally, I had to stay to do extra work and I ended my work day long after due. This succession of actions make up a general fact: a bad day in the workplace.
Now, I can tell this narration orally , or I can also write it, and then it will be a written narration . When some think of a “written narration” they may imagine in a story or novel, that is, in a book, but nowadays, anyone can narrate any event or event and publish it, for example, on their Facebook profile .
In general, the narration has parts that make up its structure: an initial situation , where it is exposed who or who are the proagonists of the narration, where it happened, at what time, and so on; then, the knot or conflict , which is the part where most of the actions take place that will later give space to the final situation , where the outcome of the narration occurs . In the narratives, the outcome or end can be euphoric (the classic “happy ending” of the stories), when the protagonist manages to resolve the conflict at the knot and return to the initial situation, although sometimes transformed; or a dysphoric ending, when the protagonist surrenders to the knot conflicts, and fails to overcome them.
In turn, the stories can have different types of storytellers, who have nothing to do with who is the author of the story . For example, you can present a protagonist narrator , who is the one who tells the story and in turn who lives it (narrated in the first person: I-we-we); omniscient narrator who knows and knows everything about the characters, what they live and what they feel (third-person narrator he-she-they-they); Witness narrator , knows the events, but not what the characters feel, and is not part of the story (both first person and third person narrator).