The principle of pneumonia is the name given when pneumonia is diagnosed in the beginning and, therefore, the infection in the lungs is still undeveloped, being easier to treat and having greater chances of cure.
Some of the first symptoms that can be identified at the beginning of pneumonia are:
- Persistent cough with phlegm;
- Slight feeling of shortness of breath;
- Fever above 37.8ºC;
- Loss of appetite;
- Excessive tiredness and general malaise for no apparent reason.
Since these symptoms are very mild, they can become difficult to identify and, therefore, it is very common for the principle of pneumonia to be diagnosed by the doctor when a swine flu does not improve, a consultation and X-ray are performed. of chest.
Take our online symptom test to find out if you are at risk for pneumonia.
How to confirm the diagnosis
A chest x-ray is the best test to diagnose pneumonia and the examination of the phlegm can identify whether the infection is caused by a virus, bacteria or fungus. In this way, it is possible to start treatment for pneumonia quickly, preventing the patient from getting worse.
Who is most at risk
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can occur in anyone, however, there are some factors that can increase the risk, such as:
- Being a smoker;
- Having an obstructive lung disease, such as emphysema or asthma;
- Staying in the hospital for a long time;
- Having an autoimmune disease, such as AIDS.
In addition, the elderly and children also have a higher risk of having any type of infection, including pneumonia, as their immune system is weakened or less developed, allowing the multiplication of microorganisms that affect the functioning of the lung.
Check out 10 tips to protect yourself from pneumonia and reduce your risk.
How the treatment is done
Treatment for the onset of pneumonia should be guided by a general practitioner, pediatrician or pulmonologist and usually lasts about 7 to 14 days. However, in cases where pneumonia worsens, the patient is elderly or in children, hospitalization may be recommended.
During treatment, some care recommended by the doctor may include resting, drinking plenty of fluids and eating a diet rich in vitamin C, fruits and vegetables to strengthen the immune system.