The term Human Diversity refers to the difference or the distinction between people, animals or things, to the variety, infinity or abundance of different things, dissimilarity, disparity or multiplicity.
The term diversity is of Latin origin diversitas.
Cultural diversity or diversity of cultures reflects the multiplicity, coexistence and interaction of different coexisting cultures, worldwide and in certain areas, and addresses the degree of variation and cultural richness of these with the aim of uniting and not differentiating .
Cultural diversity is part of the common heritage of humanity and many states and organizations fight for it by preserving and promoting existing cultures and intercultural dialogue, understanding and respecting the other.
Each culture is different, each individual must have a cultural identity and cultural diversity, in this sense, is manifested by the diversity of language, art, music, religious beliefs, social structure, agriculture, of land management practices and crop selection, diet, and all other attributes of human society.
There must be a healthy balance between the different cultural groups that exist in the world so that all cultures can defend themselves, protect themselves, coexist and contribute to both development and peace, the reduction of poverty and social unity.
When several different cultures coexist in the same territory, we speak of multiculturalism, and there must not necessarily be egalitarian relations between the different cultural groups, but rather a healthy interaction and recognizing the other as different.
In relation to this issue, there are testimonies that consider globalization as a danger for the preservation of cultural diversity, as they credit the loss of traditional and typical customs of society, establishing universal and unipersonal characteristics.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated May 21 as the “World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development.”
For more information, see the article cultural diversity .
Types of Human Diversity
Ethnic diversity is the union of different peoples in the same society, and that each has its own customs, language, skin, religions, traditional festivals, clothing, food.
Linguistic diversity refers to the existence of a multiplicity of languages within a geographic space. That is, it is linguistic diversity that shows the existence of different languages within the same community and that they share the same geographic space.
A factor that measures the cultural diversity of a region, country or geographic area is linguistic diversity, which refers to the measurement of the number of languages existing in a country or in a specific geographic area.
In areas where there has been historically trade, political unity, migration, colonization and cultural influences there is less linguistic diversity, and in isolated areas of the planet where there has been less imposition of cultures and smaller groups of people there is greater linguistic diversity.
For more information, see the articles on linguistic and linguistic diversity .
Biological diversity or biodiversity refers to the immense variety of living things that exist on Earth, both animal and plant species, and their environment and the natural patterns that make it up, which are the result of evolution through processes natural and also from the influence of human activities.
The term biodiversity was created by Walter G. Rosen in September 1986 at a conference on the subject: “National Forum on BioDiversity.”
Biodiversity also includes the genetic differences of each species and the variety of ecosystems, and these allow the combination of multiple forms of life. The different forms of life interact with each other and with the rest of the environment, guaranteeing life and sustenance on the planet.
Biodiversity guarantees balance and well-being in the biosphere, and therefore, man and his culture, as part and product of this diversity, must ensure that it is protected, maintained and respected. May 22 is International Biodiversity Day.
Biodiversity is a constantly evolving system in each species and in each individual organism, therefore, it is not static, knowing that 99% of the species that have ever existed on Earth have already become extinct.
Biodiversity is richer in the tropics, it is not evenly distributed on Earth, and closer to the polar regions there are fewer species in larger populations. Depending on the climate, the soil, the altitude and other species, the flora and fauna vary.
Within biodiversity, there is genetic diversity, which is dedicated to the study of the various phenotypes between individuals that are part of the same species, and the interactions of each of them with the environment.
In ecology, ecological diversity is one of the great branches of biodiversity and is dedicated to the study of the variety of species existing within the same ecosystem.
The diversity of an ecosystem depends on three factors, the number of species present, the composition of the landscape and the interactions that exist between the different species, reaching a demographic balance between them.
According to Koleff, species diversity is classified into at least three levels: local diversity or alpha diversity (α), differentiation of diversity between areas or beta diversity (β), and regional diversity or gamma diversity (γ) .
See also the article:
- Mega diversity
Sexual diversity is an expression used to refer to different types of sexual orientation and gender identity.
The sexual orientation refers to the gender to which the person is attracted. In general terms, it is usually classified as:
- heterosexuality: people who are attracted to the opposite sex.
- homosexuality: people who are attracted to the same sex.
- bisexuality: people who are attracted to both sexes.
The gender identity refers to the sense of belonging of the person with male or female. The following types are known:
- Cisgender: people who are satisfied with their biological sex and behave according to the associated gender (it is independent of sexual orientation).
- Transgender: people who do not identify with the assigned gender, that is, without rejecting their biological sex, they feel identified psychologically with the opposite gender and act as such.
- Transsexuals: are those people who do not identify with their biological sex and, therefore, go to surgical and / or hormonal intervention to modify it.
- Third gender: term that refers to people who cannot be classified as male or female, that is, who do not correspond to the concept of binary sex.
World Day for Sexual Diversity is June 28.
See also LGBT .
Functional diversity is a phenomenon, characteristic or fact of all individuals in society equally or of a certain social group, to refer that each of them has certain capacities.Like the rest of diversities, functional diversity must be managed in such a way that exclusions or discrimination do not occur, or are corrected, for example, towards a handicapped, invalid or disabled person.These last terms have a negative connotation and that is why the expression functional diversity was created to say that we all have different and diverse capacities, and not discriminate against anyone.The term functional diversity is also used as an alternative term to disability , disability or handicap.