Hope Blue Diamond

Blue Diamond of Hope . It is a jewel that goes beyond the spectacular and on which hangs an interesting story, long and full of mystery, as stories should be

Summary

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  • oneStory
    • 1The curse
      • 1.1 Cursed Owners
    • 2The jewel’s destiny
    • 3See also
    • 4Sources

History

This diamond was created inspired by the famous Hope Diamond, also known as Blue Diamond or jewel of the sea, it has an estimated weight of 45.52 carats and its color comes from the presence of boron in its composition. It is very famous not only for its appearance, but also because it seems to be a cursed jewel and that each of its owners has had an unexpected and unfortunate end and that has colored the precious piece with that history. It has an Indian origin , specifically it was Found in Golconda , India and previously had a triangular shape and a weight of 115 carats. In the mid-17th century, merchant Jean-Baptiste Tavernier sold it to King Louis XIV . The royal jeweler carved the piece until it dropped to 67 1/8 carats, and the king used to wear it as a decoration attached to the neck. Louis XVI gave the diamond to Marie Antoinette and as you well know, he died guillotined.

The diamond was stolen in prison and passed through several hands, including those of the Duke of Brunswick and Wilhelm Fals and his family, as the diamond was cut in two. Fals and her son died soon after. In the early 19th century, the diamond was part of Henry Phillip Hope’s jewelry box . The Hope family owned the diamond until 1902, when they sold it to a diamond collector, Simon Frankel , who paid $ 142,000 for it. It went from his hands to Salomon Habib’s for $ 400,000 and then to that of the French jeweler Pierre Cartier for 550,000 francs. Cartier sold the jewel to an American socialite,The jewel was sold by Evalyn Walsh Malean and her family in 1949 to merchant Harry Winston . Ten years later, he donated it to the National Museum of Natural History and the funny thing is that he sent it by post. Millions of people come every year to see the diamond at the Museum, which has 300 years of history behind it and has traveled from India around the world from hand to hand, creating its own legend.

The curse

The hope diamond, Hope diamond or blue diamond, could be one of the most famous diamonds in history. With a roster of owners ranging from kings, queens, and lords to American high society, this elegant bluish gem has been handled by many people who are part of the history of this stone. The diamond was mined from the Kistna River and placed on the forehead of the Hindu goddess Sita , wife of the god Rama. Later it was carved by a sun god who gave it the original triangle shape. A Hindu priestSeeing him in a temple, he took a fancy to the diamond and stole it. When they discovered him, they tortured the priest to death. The diamond carried a curse: that misfortune and death would occur not only to those who owned the jewel, but also to those who touched it.

Cursed owners

John Baptiste Tavernier was a French jeweler who traveled to India in 1642 . He acquired the gem between the years 1660 and 1661 , at the Kollu mine in Guntur , Golconda kingdom in India, which he described as 115 carat (22.44 grams) brilliant violet. Tavernier sold the jewel to King Louis XIV of France in 1668 , who would have the jewel restored, to enhance its brilliance. Sieur PitauHe was the jeweler of the kingdom was designated for such a need, leaving the jewel weighing 67 carats, known as “French Blue” or “French Blue”, set in a gold necklace, which the king would wear on ceremonial occasions. The adventurer and pioneer merchant who sold it to him, would be torn to pieces by a pack of wild dogs on his last trip to Russia .

The captivating blue diamond passes through the hands of Nicolas Fouquet , a government official who borrowed the diamond to attend an official dance. He was accused in 1665 of embezzlement and imprisoned by Louis XIV accused of embezzlement. He would die in prison in 1680 .

The king’s mistress, Madame de Montespan , wanted to seize the jewel. Accused of using spells to win the king’s favors, she was confined to a convent, dying in 1707, forgotten in her exile. Louis XIV died of gangrene the 1 of September of 1715 , in Versailles , four days before his 77th birthday. His successor Louis XV ordered to keep the diamond in a chest, it is not known if he already knew the legend that weighed on the diamond. Louis XV did not suffer great misfortunes.

Upon arrival at the crown, King Louis XVI of France presented the diamond to Marie Antoinette of Austria , to be added to his jewelry collection. Marie Antoinette did not believe in the dark legend of the diamond and used it shamelessly, until she even lent it, on some occasion, to the Princess of Lamballe . Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI of France were guillotined in 1793 and the Princess of Lamballe was lynched to death by an angry crowd during the French Revolution in 1792 .

The destination of the jewel

In 1949 , Harry Winston , a jeweler and expert in American diamonds, bought the ‘Hope’ diamond exhibiting it in a collection in different museums and institutes in the United States and Canada . Harry would be the last private owner of the coveted gem. In the middle of 1958 , Winston made some geometric cuts to increase its brightness. George Switzer , a mineralogist at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of History in Washington , convinces Harry Winston to donate the diamond. On November 10, 1958 , Winston sent the Hope diamond to the Smithsonian Foundation.via postal mail, in a brown paper envelope. It took some time for the museum to accept it, because US director and President Dwight David Eisenhower received letters saying the diamond was cursed and that it would bring bad luck to the country.

With the diamond exhibition, the museum doubled the visits overnight, and the Hope diamond became the second most visited object in the world after the Mona Lisa . But as is logical there were speculations about the curse, apparently the postman who delivered the diamond to the museum was run over, his wife died of a heart attack, his house was burned and his dog was suffocated on his own leash. The Hope diamond is exposed in the Harry Winston Pavilion, where it is admired by about seven million people a year. It has also been exhibited at the Louvre Museum and in South Africa . In November 2010, the Hope diamond was temporarily loaned to the ‘Harry Winston’ house to recreate the exhibition ‘Court of Jewels’. It was a private event that brought together over $ 1.5 billion in jewelry at the firm’s New York boutique . The creation of the Harry Winston Hope Foundation was also announced there, which will donate at least 5% of the gross profits of the jewelry and watch company to educational causes.

 

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