High-tech architecture is an architectural technique characterized by the integration of high-tech industrial and technological components in the structure of a building. The architectural movement emerged in the 1960s and is seen as a characterization of the transition from modernist architecture to post-modernist architecture.
The high-tech architecture presented the preferred application of transparent surfaces and light materials. The architectural project was guided by the concept of showing how technology can improve the world by positioning the technical characteristics of a building on the exterior of a building. Architects Richard Rogers and Norman Foster were the key figures in implementing high-tech architecture in the 1970s, and the elements can be seen in their projects around the world.
Characteristics of high tech architecture
The exterior frame of the buildings constructed using high-tech architecture is composed of steel and glass that have a skeletal structure with spacious interiors with easy access to the floors. The materials used in the construction of the building are mainly light materials and the pipes are colored. High-tech architecture was a favorite design used in the construction of many shopping centers, stadiums and commercial buildings.
Famous examples of high tech architecture
- John Hancock Center (Chicago, United States)
The John Hancock Center is a skyscraper located in Chicago, Illinois. It is among the tallest buildings in the city with 100 floors. John Hancock Center is currently the tallest eight skyscraper in the United States and rises 1,128 above the streets of Chicago. The construction of the building began in 1965 and was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill architects together with Fazlur Rahman Khan who used the high-tech architectural design that is expressed outside the building which has a used X exterior as an external skeleton to reinforce the building from strong winds and even earthquakes.
- Center Pompidou (Paris, France)
The Center Pompidou (also known as Center Georges Pompidou) is a large building located in the French capital, Paris. The building occupies 103,305 square meters of area and houses the Musee National d’Art Moderne, the largest modern art museum in Europe and the Bibliotheque Publique d’Information, a large public library. The Center Pompidou was built from 1971 to 1977 and was designed by several architects including the Italian Renzo Piano and Gianfranco Franchini and the British Richard Rogers. The building is one of the best examples of high-tech architecture and features an elaborate external skeleton made of colored tubes.
- Lloyd’s Building (London, England)
The Lloyd’s building is located along Lime Street in London, England, and is the headquarters of Lloyd’s of London, an insurance company. The building was built from 1978 to 1986 and was designed by the architectural firm Richard Rogers and Partners. The Lloyd’s building has high-tech architecture and is also known as the “Inside-Out Building” due to its appearance where the main structural elements such as stairs, elevators, electrical systems and water pipes are outside the building, a distinctive feature of high technological architecture.
Decline in popularity
High-tech architecture was popular in the 1970s but began to experience a decline in the 1980s. The main cause of the decline is the emergence of postmodern architecture in the early 20th century that absorbed many features of high-tech architecture.
What is high tech architecture?
|degree||Building Name||Where is it||Year built|
|1||John Hancock Center||Chicago, United States of America||1969|
|2||Pompidou Center||Paris, France||1977|
|3||Onterie Center||Chicago, United States of America||1986|
|4||Lloyd’s Building||London, United Kingdom||1978|
|5||Internationales Congress Centrum Berlin||Berlin, Germany||1979|
|6||Leadenhall Street||London, United Kingdom||2014|
|7||Burj Al Arab||Dubai, UAE||1999|
|8||Bank of China Tower||Hong Kong||1990|
|9||Hotel Arts||Barcelona, Spain||1994|
|10||Willis Tower||Chicago, United States of America|