Has and have

Have and has are inflections of the verb to have in the affirmative form of Simple Present.

Has is used with the 3rd person singular ( he, she and it ) and have with the other people ( I , you , we and they ).

The verb to have can be used as a main verb or as an auxiliary verb .

As an auxiliary, it is used in the following tenses:

  • Present Perfect
  • Present Perfect Continuous

When to use have ?

Have is used with the pronouns I , you , we and they when we want to express an idea of ​​possession As a main verb , it means “to have”.

Examples :

  • I have a blue car. (I have a blue car.)
  • They have two cars. (They have two cars.)
  • I have a great job. (I have a great job.)
  • You have a huge house! (You have a huge house!)
  • We have a nice English teacher. (We have a nice English teacher.)
  • John and Chrissy have two kids. (John and Chrissy have two children.)

As an auxiliary , have does not have a specific meaning and its meaning will be defined by the main verb that accompanies it.

Examples:

  • We have been to Florida. (We were in Florida.)
  • I have been trying to talk to you but you’re never home! (I’ve been trying to talk to you, but you’re never home!)
  • You have been working too much. (You have been working too hard.)
  • They have been living in Miami since 2009. (They have been living in Miami since 2009.)
  • I have been to the beach twice this week. (I went to the beach twice this week.)
  • You have traveled many times this year. (You traveled many times this year.)

See also: Auxiliary verbs in English

When to use has ?

Has must be used with the 3rd person singular (he / she / it). As a main verb , it indicates possession and is translated “to have”.

Examples :

  • She has a great job. (She has a great job.)
  • He has a huge house! (He has a huge house!)
  • Your bike is awesome! It has a very nice design. (Your bike is great! It has a really cool design.)
  • He has three brothers. (He has three brothers)
  • She has nice neighbors. (She has nice neighbors.)
  • It has no translation. (Does not have translation.)

When has is used as an auxiliary verb , its meaning will be indicated by the main verb that accompanies it.

Examples :

  • He has been to the USA. (He was in the United States.)
  • She has been trying to talk to you but you’re never home! (She’s been trying to talk to you, but you’re never home!)
  • It has worked! (It worked!)
  • He has been living in Miami since 2009. (He has been living in Miami since 2009.)
  • She has been to the beach twice this week. (She went to the beach twice this week.)
  • It has happened many times. (It has happened many times.)

Important

Note that the verbal inflection has is only used in affirmative sentences . To learn how to form sentences with the verb to have in interrogative and negative forms , read more about the verb to have .

Is there a difference between has and have?

The only difference between the use of has and have is the personal pronouns that each of the inflections accompanies.

The have inflection must be used when the subject of the sentence is I, you, we or they.

Has , in turn, is the inflection used when the subject of the sentence is he, she or it. Observe the conjugation of the verb to have in the affirmative form of Simple Present :

I have
You have
He has
She has
It has
We have
You have
They have

As far as meanings are concerned, there is no difference between the terms.

 

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