Probably the vast majority of people have heard or seen some artistic work of Gothic art and that is that this type of art was always a very important and famous style of art in art history, just as Renaissance art was and baroque art, among others. This kind of art has been observed after many centuries in a large part of Europe since it was a style that traveled to different places.
What is gothic art?
Gothic art is considered to be an artistic movement that developed and emerged in Western Europe at the end of the centuries that includes the Middle Ages, that is, it lasted in a large part of Europe from the middle of the 12th century until the rebirth in the 19th century. XV where in Italy this art disappeared, however in other areas this style of art lasted until the sixteenth century.
As you can see, it is an artistic style that has a great temporal period, this kind of art appears in the north of France and little by little over time it moves towards the West. Also depending on the chronological time in which this style of art developed in various regions and countries, you can see some differences between a Gothic art in one area and another. This difference can be seen in the fact that Gothic art is much cleaner in a large part of France, but in Italy it can be seen that this style of art was influenced by classical art.
When we talk about Gothic architecture we have to mention that this discipline arose more or less in 1140 in France. One of the first works of art and therefore one of the first constructions of this artistic trend was the basilica of the royal abbey of Saint Denis.
However, Gothic art has been called as a very superficial artistic style, this name was given by the use of one of its most common elements, the pointed arch (which is commonly called ogival), which is then followed the rib vault that provides the displacement of the buttresses from the outside and that separates the walls by using flying buttresses.
Within the Gothic sculpture it was common to carve with one of the most used materials in this style of art, stone, this material was used for the decoration of many elements of architecture. It could be said that the discipline that developed and evolved the most was sculpture that went from a rigid and elongated style to a naturalistic and spatial style at the beginning of the 13th century.
One of the most outstanding influences on sculpture was that of Greek art, which in this century still kept the techniques of the fabric procedure and facial expressions.
Gothic painting did not make its presence until the year 1200 since until then the painting that was made could not be considered “Gothic”. In addition, the transition from Romanesque art to Gothic art is not entirely precise since a cut between one style and another cannot be clearly seen; however, a darker and colder change of style can be observed.
Within Gothic painting there were certain outstanding techniques that used to be used in most of the countries where this type of art settled. These techniques of representation of the images were:
- Stained glass windows
- Miniatures and manuscripts.
- Painting on board.
- Oil painting: This painting did not become famous until the 15th century which was the main point of support for Renaissance art.