Severe joint pain , with swelling and redness, can be indications of a relatively common inflammatory disease. If you suffer from this problem, you need to know what gout is and how it can be treated by going to a doctor immediately.
The disease is curable, but for that, it is necessary to make an early diagnosis, adopting the appropriate treatment and a healthier routine. Otherwise, it can result in permanent deformations in the joints.
In this post, we show what gout is, its main symptoms and forms of treatment. Continue reading and learn how to proceed!
What is gout?
It is an inflammatory disease that mainly affects the joints of the lower limbs, such as the ankle. It is also known as gouty arthritis, rheumatism in the feet or disease of kings.
Gout happens when the concentration of uric acid in the blood is very high, a condition called hyperuricemia. However, it can manifest itself in several ways, with acute crises, chronic pain or even the formation of kidney stones – which alter the function of the kidneys and cause many pains.
Uric acid is the result of the natural breakdown of purine, an amino acid. This substance is normally excreted by the kidneys in the urine. However, excess can be trapped in the circulation and accumulate in the joints.
Because they produce more uric acid, gout is more common in men. Not to mention that estrogen (female hormone) contributes to the loss of the substance in the kidneys. For these reasons, the disease is more rare in women before menopause.
What are the main symptoms?
Gout symptoms are usually acute. Crises can come on suddenly, especially at night. The most common are:
- severe pain for about 12 to 24 hours in the joints of the feet, ankles, knees and even the hands and wrists;
- joint discomfort after the acute pain crisis;
- swelling, redness and sweating in inflamed joints.
If the person has new crises, he may develop chronic gout, with recurrent pain, injuries and loss of movement. Topos can also appear – lumps in the joints resulting from the accumulation of limestone.
How to treat the disease?
The diagnosis of gout is made through various tests, such as x-rays, analysis or biopsy of synovial fluid (fluid that fills the joints) and blood tests to check for the presence of uric acid. All of this is done together with the clinical analysis of the symptoms, since not every person with hyperuricemia will develop the disease.
After the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor may recommend treatment with anti-inflammatories, pain relievers and specific medications to reduce the amount of uric acid in the blood. If there is loss of movement and even to relieve pain, physiotherapy sessions may be indicated.
Now that you know what gout is, you should also understand that the most important thing is to prevent the problem by adopting a balanced diet, eating adequate protein and exercising. In any case, see a doctor as soon as the first symptoms appear.