Examples of barbarisms

Examples of barbarisms

Here are some very common barbarisms by way of example, with the corresponding clarification of what is the correct word:

  1. ‘You bought  for you bought.
  2. ‘Guevo’ by egg
  3. ‘Inauguration’ by inauguration
  4. ‘Nadies’ by anyone
  5. ‘Picsa’ for pizza
  6. ‘Custion’ per issue
  7. ‘Interperie’ outdoors
  8. ‘You were’ because you went
  9. ‘ Both two ‘ for both
  10. ‘Jrito’ by fried
  11. ‘ He did it ‘ because he threw it out (he told him to leave)
  12. ‘Hebrew’ by Israeli (born in Israel)
  13. ‘Pour’ by pouring
  14. ‘Hindu’ by Indian (born in India)
  15. ‘Trumpet’ for tripping
  16. ‘Addition’ by addiction
  17.  Except  for except
  18. He is ‘lego’ in the matter (it means that he is not an expert in that subject, but is usually used when he wants to say the opposite)
  19. ‘Libido’ by libido
  20. ‘There were’ for there

Characteristics of barbarisms

The concept of barbarism usually has a pejorative nuance  because, if we pay attention to its etymology, the barbarian has to do with the violent, the rustic or the neglected, and conveys the idea that barbarism will be used by those people included in the socio-cultural strata rather low, not endowed with language proficiency to identify the correct paths of language.

However, in many cases barbarisms do nothing more than follow the general rules of language and apply them to cases where arbitrarily it is not appropriate to do so, so that confusion is the most frequent outcome.

It is no accident that the barbarisms are:

  • Typical mistakes of children . For example: I  stumbled  (instead of I tripped )
  • Wrong verb conjugations . For example: I  sabo  (instead of I know)  or Do not fall  (rather than not you fall )
  • Poorly constructed plurals. For example:  My feet hurt (instead of my feet hurt )
  • Certain  adjectives gentilicios . In these cases, there is an additional problem, which is that the same locality name in its shortened version (for example:  Santiago ) can refer to different cities ( S. del Estero, S. de Chile, S. de Compostela ), and these assume different gentilicios: santiagueño, santiaguino and santiaguense , respectively.

Other barbarisms

The other idea of ​​barbarism has more to do with the essence of the term and corresponds to those words that are misused by the simple ignorance of their correct writing, pronunciation or meaning.

It is clear that the most immediate origin of these barbarisms is the intergenerational transmission of these mispronounced or misused words, which will then be repeated with the same error.

In some cases, barbarisms are more linked to the typical pronunciations of a certain region and the influence of other languages ​​in multicultural societies, which adds one more factor in the determination of the typical error.

by Abdullah Sam
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