Essay on various seasons in India

India is a country with a large diversity in weather and other environmental aspects. In short, there are four basic seasons in India – winter , summer season , rainy season and finally spring season . The intensity of each of the four seasons in India depends on the topographic factors of the region, latitude and longitude.

Essay on various seasons in India, 200 words:

The various seasons of the whole year in India are broadly classified after the summer, monsoon, winter and monsoon periods. These seasons usually prevail at a particular period around the year but not necessarily many other environmental and anthropogenic factors that hinder the process of these seasons such as global warming and deforestation .

The time period and intensity of these seasons vary in different parts of the country due to different topographic features. Many activities such as travel and school calendars depend on the weather and climate of a region.

The Meteorological Department of India bifurcates the months of the year according to the weather:

Cold / Winter (December, January and February)
Summer (March, April and May)
Monsoon (June to September) Post
Monsoon (October to November)
These classifications include temperature, air pressure, topography, amount of rainfall, changes in directions and wind. Are done keeping in mind the intensity etc.

Traditionally, India has six seasons of summer, spring, monsoon, autumn, winter and romantic seasons. They are divided between the twelve months of a calendar, with each season being exactly two months. Each season has its own beauty and is loved for various reasons.

Essay on various seasons in India, 300 words:


Generally, the seasons in India are divided into 4 categories, namely summer (March – May), winter (December – February), monsoon (June – September) and north monsoon which is known as North East monsoon (October – November). Also known as The duration of these seasons is from 2.5 to 3 months.

Temperatures vary from 10 to 15 degrees Celsius during the winter season. The northern part experiences snowfall with rain. December and January are usually the coldest months. In winter time, it has been observed that nights are longer than days.

India is a tropical country, in some parts the heat is slightly extreme. Temperatures are highest in April and May and vary from 32 to 40 degrees Celsius. In summer the days appear longer than the nights.

The Indian monsoon usually starts in June and extends till September. In India, most of the rainfall is due to the southwest monsoon. The southwest monsoon originates from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

The months of October and November come after the monsoon season. Some parts of India receive their rainfall from the north eastern monsoon such as Tamil Nadu. This season symbolizes the transition between a wet and a dry season. The temperature gradually decreases during this transition.


Therefore, these are the seasons of India classified by the Meteorological Department. The duration and intensity of these seasons are not fixed and they are subject to change based on certain external environmental factors such as wind pressure, direction of air currents, cloud formation, anthropogenic factors such as deforestation and pollution etc. because environmental factors Experiences major changes.

These changes are largely reflected in the intensity and intensity of weather in India and also in neighboring parts. Therefore, due to the large geographical scale and diverse topography, the weather for India cannot be generalized.

Essay on various seasons in india, essay on different seasons in india in hindi (400 words)


Anthropological factors such as pollution have affected India’s generally smooth seasonal cycles. Various activities like deforestation, urbanization, industrialization etc. have adversely affected the seasonal changes in India.

Excessive deforestation for the construction of residential buildings and industries to cope with the increasing demands of the people has led to the loss of valuable green cover in the country, causing disturbances in rainfall patterns and loss of valuable soil. Covers and floods in various parts of countries.

Reasons for adverse effects on Indian climate:

The main causes of climate change are as follows:

  • Urbanization
  • burning of fossil fuels
  • Emission of greenhouse gases
  • Industrialization
  • Deforestation

Due to changes in rainfall and temperature patterns, people have to face severe climatic conditions. The Indian monsoon leads to flooding in the North East and North West parts while the southern parts experience droughts at extreme levels.

These changes have been confusing scientists and meteorologists for quite a long time. The exact causes of these adversities are difficult to specify. These changes may be permanent or the climate may return to its normal state.

Winters in tropical countries are relatively warm, due to the increase in CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere coupled with the excitement of production of greenhouse gases. The presence of these gases in the atmosphere as well as the favorable conditions for their oxidation has led to the dilution of the ozone layer.

Ozone layer harmful UV Obstructs Radiation from entering the Earth’s atmosphere. But due to damage from greenhouse gases on the ozone layer, radiation builds up through the Earth’s atmosphere and thus raises temperatures on the surface and contributes to some problems such as skin cancer.

According to previous records, it is true that climate change is a natural phenomenon but research over the last few decades shows that suddenly rapid changes are the result of population and industrialization. Many scientists argue about the irreversibility of these climatic conditions and changes, but many others are optimistic about new researches and knowledge about the changing landscape.


Many scientists have looked for ways to overcome the effects of global warming or we can say that at least they are all trying. Numerous books, research papers, documentaries, films, etc. have been introduced on the growing concern of global warming and its relationship with climate change.

Essay on various seasons in India, 500 words:


In India, different regions experience different climatic conditions. In summers, some regions of the country may experience extreme heat, while others may experience less hot but humid climates.

Why are the seasons?

India has four seasons in tropical and subtropical parts, such as winter, summer, monsoon and monsoon. Just as the change in day and night is caused by the Earth’s rotation on its axis, similarly the change in weather is caused by the revolution of the Earth around the Sun in elliptical orbits. The difference in intensity of seasons in different parts is the result of slight tilt of the earth.

At different times during the year, the northern or southern axis is closer to the Sun. During this time the part closest to the Sun experiences heat as it removes direct heat from the Sun. Whereas in winter, the Earth moves away from the Sun in an elliptical orbit and hence the rays of the Sun have to travel long distances to reach the Earth, resulting in a low temperature on the Earth at that time of the year.

Stated above are natural processes that change the seasons throughout the year. Changes by these processes are subtle and people can easily adapt while weather changes due to anthropogenic factors such as the emission of greenhouse gases are more hostile and extreme and cause difficulties for living beings and even property.

Geographical aspect of Indian land:

The geography of India is in stark contrast at various places: the Thar Desert in the west and the Himalayas in the north. This diversity in topography affects the climatic and cultural conditions in different parts of the country.

India can be considered as both tropical and subtropical as the cancerous outbreak passes through its center. The northern part is kept relatively warm as the Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold Central Asian air entering the country. High temperature in India was recorded at 51 degree Celsius in Rajasthan and lowest in Kashmir at -45 degree Celsius.

The physical characteristics are divided into six areas, as described below: –

  • Northern mountain
  • Northern plain
  • Indian desert
  • Coastal plains
  • Peninsular plateau
  • The island
  • natural disasters

Disaster is addressed as a disaster when it has a serious impact on life and property resulting in death and loss of valuable monetary assets. Disasters are somewhat common in India due to seasonal changes and its effects.

Natural disasters can be the result of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes etc. Floods and cyclones are more likely to occur in areas subject to heavy rainfall, while some areas in the southern parts experience severe drought. In the cold regions of the Himalayas and areas of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim, icy storms and avalanches are the cause of destruction of life and property.

Other disasters include heat wave, hail, landslide etc. Heat waves cause many health problems and sometimes even death. Hailstorms destroy standing crops and also affect life and property. Cyclones occur more in the coastal areas of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.


India is a country of diversity and this diversity can also be seen in its seasons. Nature is truly incredible. Changes in the weather throughout the year provide a good experience for the residents of the country. However, extreme weather conditions can be dangerous at times.

Essay on different seasons in india, essay on different seasons in india in hindi (600 words)


According to the Hindu calendar, seasons in India are classified into six types. These are spring, autumn (early autumn), rainy season (monsoon season), sishira ritu (late autumn), grishama ritu (summer season) and hemantha season (winter season).

Classification of seasons by Hindu calendar:

Classifications by the Hindu calendar include names of seasons such as Sanskrit, cultural and festive values ​​associated with these seasons. In other aspects, these classifications are similar to those made by the Meteorological Department of India.

Spring:  Spring or early spring is a time of moderate climate, which is neither too hot nor too cold. The spring season brings a happy season with the blossoming of flowers and maturing of bushes and trees. It is generally the most loved season due to its pleasant and lively weather. An important Hindu festival – Mahashivratri falls in the spring.

Autumn:  Autumn or autumn season marks the beginning of winter and serves as a transition period between hot, scorching summer rays and cool winds. This is the time when trees shed their leaves and many Hindu festivals such as Diwali (festival of lights), Navratri and Durga Puja fall during this time. The middle of autumn is the autumnal equinox. This occurs when the axis of the Earth is neither away nor in the direction of the Sun.

Rain Season: The rainy season or monsoon / rainy season occurs when there is heavy rainfall in many parts of India. It usually starts in June and extends till September. The season begins with some Indian festivals like Janmashtami (birth of Lord Krishna), Rakshabandhan etc. India is a largely agrarian country, this season is extremely important. A good rainfall ensures good crop production and happy farmers.

Sisheer Ritu  Shishira Ritu or the late autumn season gives way to many important harvest festivals. Festivals like Lohri, Pongal, etc. are celebrated in this season. The peak season begins with the winter solstice when the sun reaches its highest points in the sky. It usually starts in December and extends till January.

Summer Ritu:  Summer season or summer season is when the temperature starts rising in different parts of the country due to the fact that the Earth is moving very close to the Sun in elliptical orbit. It usually lasts from April to early June. Festivals like Guru Purnima fall under this season.

India being a tropical country, the weather during this season is extreme and sometimes unbearable. In some parts the temperature rises to 45 ° C. In summer Ritu, the day seems longer than night which is the complete opposite of the landscape during Hemantha Ritu or winter season.

Hemant Ritu  Hemant Ritu or winter season lasts from early December to February. The winter season in the western countries is extreme and tedious while the winter months in different parts of India have a pleasant weather.

So there was a brief description about the different seasons of India classified by the Hindu calendar mentioned above. There are several bifurcations related to seasons in India. Various institutions and organizations like the Meteorological Department of India have made these classifications.

The duration of these seasons is not constant at all and is subject to change with changes in external factors such as air pressure, temperature, direction of wind currents, amount of rainfall, etc.


India is a country that enjoys all seasons. People living with changing seasons get a chance to wear different types of outfits. Food preferences of people also change according to the season. Therefore, they enjoy different cuisines during different seasons to cure their taste buds.

by Abdullah Sam
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