Essay on urbanization

Urbanization is the process in which people migrate from backward and rural areas to urban areas and are often responsible for modernization and industrialization.

The Industrial Revolution has led to urbanization by creating job opportunities that inspire people from rural areas to migrate to urban areas. Demand for manpower has increased in urban areas with economic and social reforms.

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Essay on urbanization, urbanization essay in hindi (200 words)

Urbanization refers to the movement of mankind from rural areas to urban areas and how society accepts changes. India is currently facing a serious problem of increasing urban population. Socialization, economic and political progress has increased with urbanization, but on the other hand it also gives rise to socio-economic problems due to unplanned growth and lack of basic amenities in the urban population.

The natural increase in population combined with the increase due to migration places a heavy burden on public utilities such as housing, water, health, education, transportation and other goods and services. Better employment opportunities, better education, health and medical facilities, commercialization, better living standards, social status and so on. People from rural areas migrate to urban areas.

Modern-day farming involves new technology reducing the manpower requirement for urbanization. There are many problems due to urbanization, which need to be taken seriously. Some of the main problems in India due to urbanization are overpopulation, poverty, environmental degradation, unemployment, transportation, sanitation, pollution etc.

Development and development of city facilities requires planning and investment. Development of clean cities and green cities is necessary. There should be provision of essential services like health, education, clean water, food and electricity among the general public. Spreading awareness and educating people about family planning and population control.

Essay on urbanization, essay on urbanization in hindi (300 words)


Urbanization is the growth of people living in cities and towns. Urbanization also means the transformation of society, leading to a rural economy transforming into an advanced industrial economy. It is a highly accepted belief that urban areas have achieved better social, economic and political development than rural areas. People in rural areas are motivated to take advantage of its enhanced economic and social benefits in urban areas.

Urbanization in india

Urbanization began in India after independence due to increased private sector development. As per Census 2001, the population living in urban areas in India was 28.53% in 2001 as compared to 31.16% in Census 2011. A report in 2007 stated that if the population of cities continues to grow in this manner, then by 2030 it is expected to reach 40.76%.

The main causes of urbanization in India are industrial revolution, urbanization for economic development, economic opportunities and infrastructure facilities, development of private sector, employment opportunities, landfill and better standard of living.

As every coin has two aspects, urbanization also has many positive and negative effects. The positive factors of urbanization are employment opportunities, better and higher education, health and medical facilities, housing, transport, new technology, social integration, electricity and improved standard of living.

The negative effects of urbanization are unemployment, overcrowding, global warming, traffic congestion and air pollution, poverty, water supply depletion, urban crime, garbage disposal issues etc. The negative effects of urbanization are increasing over time.


Due to increase in population, industrialization and infrastructural development have become a necessity in rural areas. This will also increase employment opportunities in rural areas. Better education, healthcare, transport, sanitation facilities should be provided in rural areas.

Essay on urbanization, urbanization essay in hindi (400 words)


Urbanization is the process in which people leave rural areas and shift to urban areas. Urbanization has a positive effect when occurring to some extent. The positive effects of urbanization include employment to the unemployed, better education, health care and medical facilities, infrastructural development and access to new and advanced technologies. Urbanization is a process of development. However, urbanization in cities is adversely affected, especially in metro cities.

Positive effect of urbanization

Let’s take a detailed look at the positive effects of urbanization:

  • Efficiency:Urban areas are more efficient in providing resources than rural areas. Basic amenities like clean water, housing and electricity are easily provided.
  • Access:Apart from basic resources, people in urban areas get easy access to health care and medical facilities, higher and better education, transportation, entertainment etc.
  • Better employment:People from rural areas often migrate to urban areas in search of better employment opportunities. There are many job and business opportunities available in cities due to industrialization and commercialization.
  • Education: Thereare more schools, universities and colleges in urban areas than rural areas. Students move to urban areas for higher education with or without their families. Students can choose from a wide variety of career options available in cities for their bright future.
  • Health care: Thereare many health care and medical facilities available in urban areas as compared to rural areas.
  • Better social amalgamation:Urbanization promotes cultural and social fusion. People of different religions, castes and genders work together, breaking the norms of social and cultural barriers.

Urbanization factors

There are various factors of urbanization in India. Push factors are factors that cause people to leave rural areas and move to urban areas, for example, unemployment, poverty, lack of infrastructure and limited resources. Stretching factors are the factors that motivate people to move to urban areas. Employment opportunities, better education, infrastructure development, commercialization, health and medical care are the factors.


Urbanization also means the transformation of society by which rural culture is being transformed into modern urban culture. It is a transition from traditional rural economies to industrial economies. Urbanization allows the overall urban population to enjoy the fruits of economic and social development. However, due to increasing global warming due to urbanization, serious measures need to be taken for clean and green cities.

Essay on urbanization, essay on urbanization in hindi (500 words)


The mass movement of people from rural areas to urban areas, ie cities and towns, is called urbanization, in the process population increases in cities and towns. There is a demand for more population, higher housing, sanitation water, health, education and so on public utilities. Urbanization is under the category of elements such as urban planning, economics, sociology and health care.

The concept of urbanization has increased in developing and developed societies as people want to move to cities and towns to enjoy the benefits of social and economic development including better education, health care, housing, better work opportunities and sanitation.

Main reasons for urbanization:

Some of the main causes of urbanization are:

  • Industrialization
  • Commercialization
  • social benefit
  • Job opportunities
  • Modernization
  • Government
  • better education

Here’s a look at these factors:

Industrialization is the concept of moving from the agricultural sector to the industrial sector. Industrialization creates economic growth and employment opportunities. With the industrial revolution in developing and developed countries, more and more people are moving from rural areas to urban areas for better employment opportunities.

Modern-day trade and commerce also urbanized. In modern times, the development of marketing institutions and methods of business have contributed significantly to urbanization. Urban areas have better commercial opportunities and returns than rural areas. As a result, people are wooed in urban areas.

Social benefits There
are many social benefits in urban areas as compared to rural areas like better education, better health care, transportation, sanitation and social status. Better recreational facilities such as playgrounds, theaters, parks and clubs are available. Thus, people move to urban areas to enjoy the benefits of modern lifestyles.

Employment opportunities
People in rural areas have to depend mainly on agriculture for their livelihood whereas in urban areas many employment opportunities in various sectors like education, health care, transportation, banking, media, television and sports. Huh.

The agricultural sector mainly depends on the monsoon. In times of natural disasters and droughts, people have to migrate to urban areas in search of employment. With modern farming techniques, the need of manpower in the field of farming is decreasing towards urbanization.

Modernization is characterized
by new technology, infrastructural development, better healthcare and medical facilities, liberalization and improved living standards in urban areas. It motivates people from backward and rural areas to move to urban areas.

Management of government administration is also responsible for urbanization. The government has not sustained harassment with the growth of the city in terms of infrastructure management or spatial.

Better Education
Better education facilities are available in urban areas than in rural areas. Schools and colleges providing professional education are located in all urban areas. Thus young girls and boys shift to seek quality education either alone or with their families in urban areas.


Poverty and economic decline are major problems arising with urbanization that require serious attention. Planning and investment in sustainable industries, environmentally friendly infrastructure and environmentally friendly technology is essential. It is important to encourage the use of environmentally friendly products and technology among the public. Creating more employment opportunities and equality will help fight poverty.

Essay on urbanization, urbanization essay in hindi (600 words)


The increase in the total population volume in urban areas is called urbanization. The increasing population in urban areas increases the demand for basic amenities such as food, health, transportation and shelter. It contributes to the development of land for housing, subsidy institutions, commercialization, transportation and so on.

Environmental problems associated with urbanization

Given below are the problems caused by urbanization:

means more population in urban areas due to migration. The cities where the population is increasing every day are congested. This is the current situation in all major cities of India. Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, Delhi are some examples of congested cities.

When population increases, the demand for housing also increases. Factors primarily responsible for the lack of housing facilities are lack of financial resources, poverty and unemployment.

The main reason for unemployment in urban areas is due to migration of people from rural areas to these areas. The increase in economic opportunities fails to keep pace with the increase in urban population.

Growth in slum
areas Unplanned growth in urban areas is increasing the spread of slums. The growth in slum settlements in India is a striking feature. Urbanization, poverty and overgrowth have increased the growth of slums as high rates of land and property in urban areas are beyond the reach of rural migrants and the urban poor.

large use of vehicles for transport transport has increased traffic congestion making traffic slow and difficult.

Urban crime
Poverty and unemployment increase with the increase in urban population. Poverty has led to an increase in crimes such as theft, pocketing, fraud and murder.

Air pollution
urbanization is a major cause of air pollution and global warming. Industries release greenhouse gases that increase Earth’s temperature and cause air pollution. Large use of vehicles emits gases from fuel combustion. Large amounts of waste are burnt from landfills leading to air pollution.

is the most important element of nature to sustain life. Due to overcrowding in cities, the supply of water is decreasing compared to the demand.

Garbage Disposal As
the number of citizens in urban areas increases, the problem of garbage disposal increases. The large amount of waste in cities increases serious health issues. Most areas in cities do not have garbage disposal facilities. Air travel also spreads bacteria from one person to another, inviting diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, typhoid, etc., when landfills are completely poisonous leaking into their surroundings.

Some ways to keep urbanization under control are:

The main reason for employment urbanization is the migration of people from rural areas to urban areas in search of employment opportunities. The development of agricultural and rural industries will provide employment opportunities in rural areas.

Infrastructure development in rural areas:
Construction of roads, buildings, hospitals, parks, educational centers etc. is important for rural development. This will help rural people to get better education and health care at the local level and also provide more job opportunities. The government should develop transport networks and related infrastructure.

Inclusive development:
Industrial and private sector development is essential in rural areas. The focus of the government should be nationwide urbanization. Planning and investment in urbanization of rural areas is necessary.

Population control is
also a major cause of urbanization. It is important to educate people about family planning and create awareness among rural communities.

Global warming One
of the major problems of rapid urbanization is global warming. The use of renewable energy sources such as solar energy, wind power, hydropower should be encouraged. Investment in energy efficient industries and technologies will lead to a clean economy. Deforestation should be promoted instead of deforestation.


Urbanization is growing rapidly in our country. While it is good that our country is progressing and more and more people want to live a modern life, get better education and good employment opportunities, urbanization can have negative consequences as well. Thus it is necessary to control urbanization.

by Abdullah Sam
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