Essay on diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the human body fails to use blood sugar (glucose) content, resulting in prolonged high blood sugar levels. The sugars in our blood are transported to cells by a hormone called insulin and stored or used as a source of energy.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or is unable to effectively transfer insulin-produced glucose to the body’s tissues.

Diabetes is a serious health concern and requires regular medical care. The most common symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, weight loss, increased appetite and a desire to eat sweets.

Essay on diabetes, essay on diabetes in hindi (200 words)

Diabetes is a metabolic disease caused by an excess of glucose (glucose) in human blood. It is also called diabetes mellitus (DM). Our body produces a hormone – insulin, which is primarily responsible for storing the glucose present in our blood and used as an energy source.

The problem occurs when either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or the insulin produced is somehow unable to effectively transfer glucose from the blood to the cells.

A sustained increased blood sugar level is a potential threat to vital organs and other parts of the human body. Early symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, dizziness, weight loss, increased appetite, etc. Diabetes can have serious complications such as loss of consciousness, kidney failure, brain stroke, leg ulcers and loss of eyes.

Diabetes mellitus has become the most common disease and around 425 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes; Of which 82 million are from the South-East Asian region. India, which is also a part of Southeast Asia, has over 70 million cases of diabetes annually.

With more lifestyle changes and less physical exercise, more and more people are getting affected by diabetes. It is estimated that given the current situation, the total number of diabetic patients in South-East Asia alone will increase to 151 million.

Essay on diabetes, essay on diabetes in hindi (300 words)


Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease caused by an excess of blood sugar levels in the human body. High blood sugar causes damage to other vital organs such as kidneys, heart and brain. Although, it is caused by the production of insulin hormone by the pancreas, it is also a lifestyle disease, caused by unhealthy dietary habits and lack of physical exercise.

Effects of diabetes on health:

Diabetes has a wide impact on the human body and health. This is a situation in which the glucose present in human blood somehow fails to be used as a source of energy. This can either be due to the production of insulin hormones, which carry the sugars from the blood to the cells, or it may be due to the incompatibility of cells to obtain sugar.

Whatever the reason may be, it occurs as a result of excess blood sugar (glucose) content. Diabetes can potentially affect vital organs such as the heart, kidneys, brain, and eyes. It can cause heart diseases, heart attack, kidney failure, hearing loss, bacterial and fungal skin infections and brain stroke.

World Diabetes Day and its importance:

Globally, about 425 million people suffer from diabetes and if preventive measures are not taken, the number is set to increase significantly in the coming years. Therefore, to raise awareness among people about diabetes, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) celebrates World Diabetes Day on 14 November every year.

World Diabetes Day was first started in 1991, as a measure for the increasing number of diabetic patients worldwide.


Diabetes mellitus is a global threat, with billions of people affected globally, making it imperative to raise public awareness of the causes, symptoms and effects of diabetes to effectively reduce the number of patients globally Could. Global events such as World Diabetes Day play an important role in making the world free of diabetes.

Essay on diabetes, 400 words:


Diabetes mellitus is a condition when the human body is unable to effectively use the glucose (glucose) present in its blood, which eventually leads to high blood sugar levels. Blood is an important body fluid that reaches all parts of the body, and abnormally high glucose levels in the blood can potentially damage other parts of the body and other parts of the body.

Causes and symptoms of diabetes mellitus:

Diabetes is identified by high sugar (glucose) content in human blood. Glucose is a source of energy for the body and is usually present in the blood which supplies glucose to other parts of the body. The organs of the body that receive glucose do so with the help of a hormone called insulin.

Blood sugar levels are maintained as long as the pancreas normally produces insulin. However, an abnormality in insulin production or its inability to effectively transfer glucose to body tissues, leads to an excess of glucose in the blood. This metabolic condition is identified as diabetes or diabetes mellitus.

Common symptoms of diabetes mellitus include fatigue, decreased stamina, sweating, constant hunger, weight loss, and frequent urination. Any such symptoms should not be ignored and appropriate medical advice should be sought.

How diabetes is related to kidney health:

Diabetes is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. The kidneys are an important part of the body that cleans the blood. A high content of glucose in the blood damages the kidney blood vessels, resulting in a medical condition called diabetic nephropathy.

With damaged blood vessels, your kidneys will not be able to clean the blood effectively, which also results in waste accumulation in your blood and body. This cycle continues, further damaging the kidneys and other parts of the body. If damage continues, it can result in serious complications, including kidney failure.

Kidney damage starts long before other symptoms of diabetes actually appear. Patients suffering from diabetes should have their kidney checked periodically. Urination in the bladder caused by diabetes can put pressure on the kidneys, causing further damage to them.


It has been reported that approximately 30 to 40% of diabetic patients will eventually suffer renal failure. This number is troubling given the billions of diabetic patients worldwide. Apart from increasing the awareness of people towards diabetes, there is also a need to make kidney testing cheaper for a common man. Diabetes patients should undergo regular checkups for the health of their kidneys and other vital organs.

Essay on diabetes, 500 words:

Diabetes is a metabolic condition in which the blood retains more glucose than normal. High blood sugar levels can cause damage to vital organs of the human body such as the kidney, eyes, ears, heart, and brain. Diabetes occurs due to the production of insulin hormone by the pancreas, which acts as a bridge for blood sugar (glucose) to pass from the blood to other cells of the body.

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus:

Some of the typical symptoms of diabetes include anxiety, fatigue, blurred vision, headache, burning, weakness, decreased stamina and rapid heartbeat. These are only the early signs of diabetes and indicate further serious consequences. Every sign of diabetes speaks about the effects of the disease.

For example, tiredness, dizziness are caused by the body’s inability to successfully convert blood cells to energy. An increase in blood sugar levels in the blood causes damage to vital organs including the heart.

Diabetes mellitus and heart attack:

A person with diabetes is more likely to have cardiac complications including heart attack. Diabetes leads to high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels, increasing the likelihood of a heart attack.

High glucose content in the blood damages the blood vessels of the heart. Damaged blood vessels are unable to pump the necessary blood at the required rate, eventually leading to heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases. Those who are not suffering from diabetes, there is a possibility of heart disorders in those suffering from diabetes from a very early age.

There are also some factors that can increase the likelihood of a heart attack, such as smoking, alcohol, obesity, high cholesterol level, and unhealthy lifestyle. The given factors, if present with diabetes, greatly increase the likelihood of a heart attack.

prevention is better than cure:

The best way to prevent a diabetic person from having a heart attack is to keep a check on his blood sugar level. A diabetic person should always take necessary precautions to keep his blood sugar level under control. Precautions include – Routine checkup of sugar level and heart, avoiding unhealthy and oily food, quitting smoking, following a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise and morning walks etc.

Diabetic patients already have weaker blood vessels than a normal patient. If a diabetic patient consumes unhealthy or junk food, he or she increases their cholesterol level, which is most likely to result in a heart attack in association with damaged blood vessels. Activities such as exercise and walking keep one’s cholesterol levels under control, hence reducing the chances of a heart attack.

A diabetic person should also take precautionary measures to keep his hypertension under control. Such patients are more likely to have a heart attack than any normal patient with hypertension.


Diabetes is a silent killer; When uncontrolled, it gradually damages vital organs resulting in their malfunction and serious health complications. Necessary precautionary measures should be taken, especially for a diabetic person to keep his heart and other vital organs in a healthy state. Diabetes damages the heart’s blood vessels, increasing the likelihood of a heart attack.

Essay on diabetes, essay on diabetes in hindi (600 words)


Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels. An increased blood sugar level causes damage to vital organs as well as other organs of the human body leading to other potential health ailments.

Types of diabetes:

Diabetes mellitus can be further classified into two types –

1) Type 1 diabetes mellitus

Type 1 diabetes mellitus is classified by lack of insulin in the blood. The deficiency is due to the loss of insulin that produces beta cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes is more common in children. It is characterized by abnormally high or low blood sugar levels.

Patients with type 1 diabetes require regular administration of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is hereditary ie any one of your parents is likely to have type 1 diabetes. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, thirst, weight loss and constant hunger.

2) Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by the inability of body tissues to respond effectively to insulin, which may be linked to insulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most common type of diabetes.

People with type 2 diabetes mellitus take medications to improve the body’s response to insulin, or to reduce the glucose produced by the liver. This type of diabetes mellitus is usually attributed to lifestyle factors such as obesity, low physical activity, irregular and unhealthy diet, high sugar intake as sweets, drinks, etc.

Causes of diabetes:

The food that we eat is broken down into useful compounds through the process of digestion. One of these compounds is glucose, commonly known as blood sugar. Glucose is food for the cells of the human body i.e. the cells of the body depend on the availability of glucose to further use it as a source of energy. Blood is carried by the blood to the cells of the body.

But it is not enough to carry glucose by blood to cells to absorb glucose, a task that is done by the hormone insulin supplied by the pancreas. Insulin acts as a bridge to transport glucose from the blood to the body’s cells.

The problem arises when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or for some reason the body’s cells do not react to receive glucose; In both cases there is an excess of glucose in the blood, which is called diabetes or diabetes mellitus.

Symptoms of diabetes:

The most common symptoms of diabetes are fatigue, burning, tension, fatigue, frequent urination and headache including loss of strength and endurance, weight loss, increased appetite, etc.

Diabetes Level:

There are two types of blood sugar levels – fasting blood sugar level (blood sugar test before meals) and postprandial blood sugar level (two hours after a meal). The sugar level usually measured after at least eight hours of fasting after an overnight fast is called the fasting sugar level. Blood sugar levels are considered below 100 mg / dL (milligrams per dl) before meals.

The measured sugar level after two hours of eating is called the postpendial glucose level, or PP level. PP blood sugar levels should be below 140 mg / dL two hours after meals.

Although, in both cases the maximum limit is defined, the permissible levels may vary between individuals. Some people may have a normal fasting level of 60 mg / dL, while some may have a normal value of 90 mg / dL.

Effects of diabetes:

Diabetes can have serious health consequences and affects vital organs of the body. Excess glucose in the blood damages kidneys, blood vessels, skin resulting in various heart and skin diseases and other diseases. Diabetes damages the kidneys, resulting in accumulation of impurities in the body. It also damages the heart’s blood vessels, increasing the chances of a heart attack.

In addition to damage to vital organs, diabetes can cause various skin infections and infections in other parts of the body. The main cause of all types of infections is low immunity to the body’s cells due to an inability to absorb glucose.


Diabetes is a serious life-threatening disease and should be tamed by frequent monitoring and effectively with appropriate medication and by adapting to healthy lifestyles. By following a healthy lifestyle, regular checkups and proper medication, a person can lead a healthy and long life.


by Abdullah Sam
I’m a teacher, researcher and writer. I write about study subjects to improve the learning of college and university students. I write top Quality study notes Mostly, Tech, Games, Education, And Solutions/Tips and Tricks. I am a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence or virtue.

Leave a Comment