Equality between men and women in Islam and its complementary nature from one to the other
In a sense, equality between men and women is possible and reasonable because they are both human, with similar souls, brains, hearts, lungs, limbs, etc. In another sense, equality between men and women is impossible and absurd because of their natural differences in physical, mental, emotional and psychological qualities, inclinations and abilities. Between these two, we must walk to see how they are equal and how they are complementary.
If total equality between all members of the same gender is impossible due to natural differences in strengths and other qualities, regardless of whether the gender is male or female, then it is definitely impossible between the two genders. God, the Exalted and Almighty, says in the Holy Quran:
“And, for each thing, we create a couple, to meditate.” [Holy Quran 51:49]
Even atoms exhibit this double quality with interrelated and complementary roles played by particles and positive and negative ions, but each is an integral part of the whole system of the so-called binary base of all life. Most living things have male and female sex for reproduction. As the science of biology teaches us, that all mammals have similar features in their molecular and glandular structures that determine gender differences. These basic physical, psychological and sexual traits have their definitive effects in other spheres of life.
It is natural for a man to need and find satisfaction with a woman and a woman with a man, since they are created from each other and from each other. Both are inseparably linked to each other. Nor can they find fulfillment, except when in the company of the other in a legal and honorable way the companion and his wife, as Allah the Almighty says in His Book the Holy Quran, mentioned in the two verses quoted in the preface:
“O men! Certainly, We raised you from a man and a man, and made you as nations and tribes, so that you may know one another. Certainly, the most honorable of you, before Allah is the most pious. Certainly, Allah is Omniscient, Knower. ” [Holy Quran 49:13]
In many cases, Islam treats women as equal to men. Some of them are presented below. In the following sections, we will expand on these themes in various contexts throughout the book.
1) Equality in Basic Humanity
Both men and women are equal in terms of their humanity. Islam does not classify women, for example, as the source of evil in the world for some original sin that caused Adam to be expelled from Paradise or be the cause of evil in the world, freeing a Pandora’s box from addictions, like some other doctrines. and religious fables teach. Allah, the Exalted and Almighty, states in the Holy Quran:
“O men! Fear your Lord, who created you from one person and created his wife out of this, and scattered numerous men and women throughout the land. And fear Allah, in whose name you ask each other, and respect blood ties. Certainly, Allah, of you, is Observant. ” [Holy Quran 4: 1]
Allah also states in the Holy Quran:
“Does the human being suppose that he will be left neglected? Wasn’t he a drop of ejaculated sperm? Then a tack. So, He created it and formed it. And he made him the couple: the man and the man. Isn’t that Mighty to give life to the dead? ” [Holy Quran 75: 36-40]
Allah illustrated in the verses that He created both sexes from a single source. There is no difference between the two sexes in terms of qualifications in humanity, and each complements the other as the two genera of the species. Islam abolished and repealed all previous unjust laws that degrade women as inferior in quality and nature.
The Prophet of God Muhammad (May peace and blessings be upon him) said:
“TRULY, WOMEN ARE THE TWIN HALVES OF MEN.” [ABU DAWOOD]
2) Equality in Religious Obligations
Equal religious duties and rituals are required of both women and men. The Testimony of Faith (Shahadah), Prayer (Salah), Compulsory Charity (Zakah), Fasting (Saum) and Pilgrimage (Hajj) are equally required for both sexes. In some cases, requirements are a little easier for women to alleviate their special difficulties. For example, in consideration of their health and physical condition, menstruating women or a woman in the state of bleeding and postnatal recovery are absolved from the duty of prayer and fasting. She is forced to make up for the fasting days lost due to menstruation and postnatal bleeding, but not her prayers, as this would be very costly.
3) Equality in Rewards and Punishments
Both men and women have similar rewards for obedience and penalties for disobedience in this world and in the future. As stated by Allah in the Holy Quran:
“Whoever does good, whether male or female, as a believer, we will certainly make him live a benign life. And we will reward them with a better prize than what they did. ” [Holy Quran 16:97 ]
And the most majestic Lord says:
“Certainly, to moslimes and moslimes, and to believers and to believers, and to devotees and to devotees, and to true and to true, and to persevering and to persevering, and to the humble and to the humble, and to alms and to esmoleres, and fasters and fasters, and custodians of their sex and custodians of their sex, and those who often remember Allah and those who often remember Him, Allah prepared their forgiveness and magnificent prize. ” [Holy Quran 33:35]
4) Equality in the Preservation of Honor and Nobility
Women have the same moral obligations and are entitled to the same general rights as men in guarding chastity, integrity and honor and personal respect, etc. Double standards are not allowed. For example, those who falsely accuse a chaste woman of adultery or fornication are publicly punished, as if a man were slandered. Allah the Exalted says in the Holy Quran:
“And to those who accuse the caste women of adultery, then do not bring four witnesses, whip them with eighty lashes, and never accept any testimony from them; and these are the wicked, ”[Holy Quran 24: 4]
5) Equality in Financial Negotiations and Ownership
Women are equally qualified and can be involved in financial and property business. According to Islamic law, women can own, buy, sell and carry out any financial transaction without the need for protection and without restrictions or limitations – an unprecedented situation in many societies until modern times.
6) The Best of You is the Best for Your Woman
Islam indicates that a man who honors, respects and deals with women fairly and integrally, has a healthy and just personality, while a man who mistreats them is an unjust and unforgettable man. The Prophet of Allah ﷺ said:
“THE MOST COMPLETE BELIEVER IS THE BEST IN CHARACTER, AND THE BEST OF YOU IS THE BEST FOR YOUR WOMEN.” [TIRMIDHI]
7) Equality in Education and Cultivation
Islam gives women the right to the same rights as men in terms of education and cultivation. The Prophet of Allah ﷺ said, as reported and authenticated by scholars of prophetic traditions:
“SEEKING KNOWLEDGE IS MANDATORY FOR EVERY MUSLIM (WHETHER MALE OR FEMALE).” [IBN MAJAH]
Muslim scholars collectively agreed that the word Muslim, when used in revealed scriptures, includes both men and women, as indicated in parentheses. Thus, Islam gives women the same right to education in order to understand religious and social obligations, and has forced them to raise their children in the best way, according to the correct Islamic orientation. It is clear that women have certain obligations to raise their children that are compatible with their abilities and men have complementary obligations to finance, protect and maintain according to their additional responsibilities in the family unit. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said:
“WHO CARES FOR TWO GIRLS UNTIL THEY REACH PUBERTY, HE AND I WILL GO ON RESURRECTION DAY LIKE THAT. “THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH (MAY PEACE AND BLESSINGS BE UPON HIM) HAS JOINED HIS FINGERS TO ILLUSTRATE THIS.” [MUSLIM]
Regarding female slaves, the Prophet of Allah Muhammad ﷺ said:
“WHOEVER HAS A FEMALE CHILD WITH HIM (UNDER THE TUTELAGE OF SLAVERY), AND TRAINS HIM IN THE BEST BEHAVIOR, AND TEACHES HIM WELL, AND THEN RELEASES HIM AND MARRIES HIM, WILL HAVE A DOUBLE REWARD.” [BUKHARI AND MUSLIM]
8) Equality in Social Responsibilities
Men and women have similar obligations and responsibilities to reform and correct society to the best of their abilities. Men and women take responsibility for ordering good and forbidding evil equally, as God the Exalted says in the Holy Quran:
“And believers and believers are allied with each other. They order what is convenient and restrain the reprehensible, and fulfill prayer and grant az-zakah, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Of these, Allah will have mercy. Certainly, Allah is Almighty, Wise. ” [Holy Quran 9:71]
9) Right to Receive Fair Shares of Wealth
Men and women have established and determined rights to receive their fair share of wealth, just as they are required to give Zakah (Compulsory Charity) according to the established calculation. All Muslim scholars unanimously agree on this. A woman has her share of inheritance, as will be discussed in more detail later, which was an unthinkable right in many societies.
Allah the Almighty says:
“There is a portion for men of what their parents and relatives leave. And there is a portion for women of what fathers and relatives leave, whether too little or too much. It is a prescribed portion. ” [Holy Quran 4: 7]
10) Both a woman and a man can give someone the right to seek refuge and security among Muslims
Allah the Exalted says:
“And if one of the idolaters asks for a defense, defend him, until he hears Allah’s words; then, get him to his safe place. That’s because they are a people that don’t know. ” [Holy Quran 9: 6]
The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:
“AND THE PROTECTION OF MUSLIMS IS ONE, AND THE LEAST OF THEM CAN PROVIDE PROTECTION; AND WHOEVER USURPS THE RIGHT OF A MUSLIM, THE CURSE OF GOD AND HIS ANGELS AND ALL THE PEOPLE ARE ON HIM, AND NO REPENTANCE OR RANSOM WILL BE ACCEPTED BY HIM. ” [SAHIH BUKHARI]
This is also proved by the famous story of Um Hani ‘(Hani’s Mother’) when she protected a polytheist who took refuge on the day of Makkah’s conquest after her relative threatened to kill that person (for some time past enmity) so that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:
“WE PROTECT AND GIVE ASYLUM TO THOSE WHO GIVE YOU THE O UM HANI ASYLUM.” [SAHIH BUKHARI]