The freight letter was widely used by carriers for a long time. It was a payment order for the jobs offered, withdrawn for the benefit of the autonomous driver, who could exchange it for money at supply points. The condition for the exchange to take place was to supply part of the value at that station, and, in general, the price of diesel was high.
However, as this action caused informality and several values circulated outside the financial system, preventing the collection of taxes, in 2010, the freight letter was prohibited by Law 11.442 . Since that time, organizations have been replacing this action with the so-called Electronic Freight Payment .
What is Electronic Freight Payment (PEF) and how does it work?
Seeking to provide more professionalism and security to the relationship between contractor and contractor for the transport of goods and cargo , the National Congress enacted Law No. 13,103, which dealt with the driver’s profession, changing several rules, such as the Labor Law and Law No. 11,442 in its Article 5-A, which refers to the payment of freight .
With this change, it was established that the payment to the autonomous cargo carrier will need to be made by means of savings credit, current account or other method established by the National Land Transport Agency (ANTT).
The agency had to define what would be another form of payment to be authorized by it. It was at that moment that Electronic Shipping Payment, with Resolution No. 3,658, appeared. Through it, ANTT defined the rules for this payment model and started to qualify the intermediation institutions that fulfilled the requested requirements.
That is, these electronic payment organizations enabled by ANTT offer a kind of point for the contractor and contractor to carry out their financial exchanges. She is responsible for generating the Transport Operation Identifier Code (CIOT) , receiving the payment of the freight and passing it on to the person responsible by means of a card.
It is important to highlight that this card can be used for withdrawals in electronic terminals of associated banks and in lottery shops across the country. Bringing advantages to the carrier.
What are the advantages of Electronic Freight Payment?
It is essential to know the benefits provided by Electronic Freight Payment for transporters. Check out:
Proof of easy income
One of the biggest challenges for self-employed drivers was to prove their income. If applying for a credit card or opening a bank account was already complicated, due to the absence of proof of income, buying a truck was even more challenging.
However, with electronic payment, all data regarding the work performed is stored and documented in the systems of the payment sectors. If the professional needs it, just look for these organizations and ask for the necessary proof.
Optimization of relations between shippers and carriers
In addition to ensuring that the truck driver will receive correctly what has been determined, electronic payment optimizes the relationship between carriers and autonomous drivers . This is because all data related to the trip and its payment are saved in the system of the organization responsible for payment.
Thus, if there is any setback or questioning, just search the system and get the information you want. Therefore, the dangers of fraud and failure are reduced, increasing trust among those involved.
Regulation for self-employed drivers
Another important challenge in the activity of autonomous truck drivers is the informality of the process. Even though some professionals think this is an advantage, as they avoid paying INSS and taxes, in reality, it is a huge problem.
For, if the driver is injured, for example, he will be helpless. You will also have challenges to retire and prove your assets. Because of this, working in a regulated way is the most recommended option. And this is done when receiving payments electronically, since the calculation and withholding of the social security contribution and taxes are under the responsibility of the responsible organization.
Greater safety for truck drivers
Before the appearance of electronic payment, the truck driver received, through the freight letter, a paper that provided the payment details to the professional and that would need to be exchanged at accredited stations. This was a great challenge, since it limited the truck driver, who ended up having to fill up where he didn’t want to and still had to pay fees to receive the money.
With the PEF, he can withdraw money anywhere in the country served by the banking network or use his credit in places agreed with the payment company .
What are the consequences in case of non-compliance with Electronic Freight Payment?
As already mentioned, the law determines that institutions that hire autonomous truck drivers need to make payment by credit on account or using some electronic means for payment. Knowing this, if you are an autonomous driver, you can only accept these payment models. Otherwise, you will suffer some penalties.
If you are barred from inspection during a trip and are unable to certify receipt in accordance with the rules, you may be penalized with a fine or even the cancellation of the National Registry of Road Cargo Carriers (RNTRC). In addition, the organization that hired the service receives a fine of approximately R $ 10,000.00. Therefore, the ideal is to walk according to the rules established by law, so as not to suffer from the consequences.
It is worth noting that no fare or fee should be charged to the truck driver to receive his payment. The payment administrator must make an agreement with the banking institutions so that truck drivers use their ATMs, but it is prohibited to charge this service from the professional.
Therefore, it is essential to comply with the requirements regarding Electronic Freight Payment. It is not just the transporting institution that can be harmed; the driver can also be fined. In that sense, stay tuned and comply with the law.