The word discipline comes from the Latin word Discare which means learning. Next from that word comes the word Disciplina which means teaching or training. Discipline also comes from English namely Disciple which means that is a follower or student.
In addition to this understanding discipline is also interpreted differently by several experts including:
Understanding of discipline according to experts
- According to Handoko (2001: 208), the word discipline means management activities to carry out organizational standards. This means discipline as a reference for organizations to determine the standards carried out in the organization.
- Terry, defines discipline as a means of mobilizing employees. So that every job can run smoothly, it must be endeavored to appear good discipline. According to Terry, discipline is not only related to punishment.
- Latainer, the word discipline is interpreted as a strength that develops in the body of employees that causes employees to voluntarily adjust to decisions, regulations, and high values of work and behavior.
- Beach, the word discipline is interpreted into two senses. First, discipline is defined as involving learning or printing behavior by applying a reward or punishment system. Second, discipline is interpreted only related to the act of punishment against the wrongdoers.
- Heidjrachman and Husnan in Sinambela (2012: 238), the meaning of discipline is every individual or group that guarantees obedience to “orders” and takes the initiative to take actions that are needed in the absence of “orders”.
From some of the above disciplinary notions it can be concluded that discipline is a form of employee self-control and the implementation of management activities to carry out organizational standards.
The Purpose of Discipline
Discipline certainly has goals and benefits if applied. According to Simamora in Sinambela (2012: 243) discipline has the main goal as a disciplinary that is ensuring that employee behavior is consistent with the rules or regulations set by the organization.
All rules made and compiled by the organization are guidelines for realizing the goals of the organization set. If when a rule is violated, the effectiveness of the organization will be reduced to a certain degree, depending on the size of the violation. Another goal is to create or maintain respect and mutual trust between superiors and subordinates.
Discipline applied incorrectly can lead to problems such as low work morale, irritability, and bad desires between supervisors and subordinates. Under these conditions all improvements in employee behavior will only occur briefly, and supervisors must discipline employees again in a not too long period of time.
Correct implementation of disciplinary action will not only improve employee behavior, but will also minimize the risk of future disciplinary problems through positive relationships between subordinates and superiors. Applying discipline can also help employees to be more productive, so they can provide benefits in the long run. In addition, discipline can encourage employees to be able to improve performance which will ultimately result in individual achievement.
Apart from those described above, the discipline has several general objectives including the following:
- Command over oneself
- Control the power of self-will
- Correct bad habits
- Teach respect to parents and the divine
- Obey on the principle
- To develop an order in human action
Benefits of Discipline
In addition to goals, discipline also has benefits both for oneself and benefits for others including:
- Sensitivity grows
With the attitude of discipline can train children to become sensitive or feeling soft and trusting others. This attitude is useful because it can facilitate him in expressing his feelings to others, including his parents. Finally, children will more easily dive into other people’s feelings.
- The emergence of caring attitude
Not only sensitivity, discipline also raises a caring attitude towards others. With discipline is able to make children have an attitude of integrity, in addition to being able to assume responsibility, can also solve problems well, quickly and easily.
- Teach order
Discipline taught to children from an early age is able to form a regular lifestyle and can manage the time they have well. Children will be trained to divide their time well for positive things.
- Cultivate calm
Discipline is also able to foster tranquility in the soul because if discipline is applied in our daily lives we become individuals who do things well so as to create a sense of calm.
- Cultivate an attitude of independence
An attitude of independence can also be trained through discipline which is applied early on. With discipline children will get used to being independent and can be relied on to do their own activities so that memes can meet their own needs.
- Helps brain development
The attitude of discipline taught to children indirectly will also affect the development of the brain. Children aged 3 years have begun to imitate the behavior that is around them. So, when parents and families have a disciplined attitude, children can also imitate these disciplinary attitudes quickly through brain development.
- Cultivate obedience
Fostering submissive attitudes towards parents and others can also be trained by applying the discipline of children from an early age. With the application of discipline, children will obey the rules set by parents of their own volition.
Various kinds of Discipline
Discipline attitudes themselves can be grouped into several types including:
- Discipline uses time
The point is to be able to use and divide time properly and appropriately. One key to success is that someone can manage their time as well as possible because every second of time is very valuable.
- Discipline in worship
He is always carrying out worship with the rules contained in it. Discipline in worship is needed, because God always encourages his servants to always be disciplined and worship on time.
- Discipline in national and state life
Apart from worship, discipline is also needed in the life of the nation and state. Lots of things that require self-awareness of discipline in the life of the nation and state. Like paying taxes on time, discipline in using state facilities, in the world of education and so forth.
Personal discipline is a disciplined attitude that adheres to various elements such as the existence of something that must be obeyed or abandoned as well as the process of one’s attitude towards it.
- Social diplomacy
Unlike the discipline in the life of the nation and state, social discipline is a disciplined attitude that is applied in relation to the community and the surrounding environment. For example, discipline to throw garbage in its place.
- National Discipline
National discipline can be interpreted as a love of the motherland and the nation which is reflected in an act in the form of decisions and obedience. This discipline is carried out both consciously and through coaching the prevailing norms of life.
Characteristics of People Who Have Disciplinary Attitudes
Discipline at home
The most basic disciplinary attitude is grown from the family or home environment. Daily activities carried out at home really need regularity and discipline. Therefore it is necessary to have a schedule of activities that are useful for managing the time from waking up to going to sleep again. The time is made according to the needs, both for formal and informal daily activities.
A disciplined person is a person who can manage the time of daily activities and is carried out according to the schedule of activities, so that there is no time wasted.
Examples of discipline at home are:
- Get up and sleep on time
- Eat regularly
- Maintain cleanliness of the house
- Doing homework on time
Discipline on the highway
Discipline on the highway is a disciplined and orderly attitude when you are on the highway. In Indonesia, the attitude of discipline on the road seems not to be implemented by everyone. The proof is there are still many cases of traffic violations and accidents that occur. Though discipline on the road is very important because it is not only for personal safety, but also the safety of other road users.
Unfortunately, even though there are already many and adequate traffic facilities, there are still road users who do not obey the existing traffic signs. If road users obey the rules, there will be no accidents on the road and all roads can be safe smoothly.
Examples of discipline on the highway
- Don’t run red lights
- Be orderly and obey the road signs
- Bring complete vehicle documents
Discipline in the work environment
In the work environment, every employee or employee is also required to always be disciplined in working. Discipline here can take many forms, for example, departing and returning on time (not late), carrying out tasks and completing workers in accordance with the specified deadline and many other regulations regarding discipline.
Discipline in the Community
Discipline in society is generally not in the form of written rules, but in obeying the norms or customs that apply in the community. An example is the discipline of maintaining environmental cleanliness.