The digital native concept refers to all those people who were born in the digital age after the explosion of new technologies.
Digital technologies emerged strongly from 1978, so digital natives consider all those who were born after that date and who have grown familiar with computers, mobiles, digital platforms and in direct contact with all of this in their lives. daily and in the training they have been receiving.
History of the term digital native
The author of this term is Marc Prensky, an American writer and lecturer, who used this concept together with that of digital immigrant in 2001 in his article Digital Natives.
In Prensky’s words, “educators, digital immigrants, must specialize in guiding young digital natives in the use of technology for effective learning, motivating them to learn through their own passion.”
Differences between digital native and digital immigrant
Marc Prensky establishes a series of differences between both concepts that he himself originated:
- Digital native:Those who were born in the midst of the new technologies boom, and have been educated since their origin.
- Digital immigrant: They are the people who have been born previously and have had to adapt to the introduction of new technologies and train to know their operation, uses, and other digital aspects.
Characteristics of digital natives
The following stand out:
- Birth after the technological boom:All those born after the awakening of the digital sector are included.
- Early accessibility: From an early age they have been used and have grown with digital tools, so they have become familiar with them at all times.
- Digital education: At school they have received education on new technologies, and have used digital tools to carry out their projects, improve their learning and be in contact with this form of online education. Many courses are even carried out thanks to digital development that has enabled training programs to be carried out from anywhere in the world without having to travel.
- Improvement of technological skills: After having grown in contact with technologies, this has allowed them to have an earlier ability to use them, unlike those who have had to learn in their adult life after the introduction of these digital tools.