Every time you hear that someone is an atheist or agnostic, do you think it’s all the same? Don’t worry, this is quite natural. Therefore, this article will explain the difference between being an atheist and an agnostic .
Initially, you need to understand that the meaning of both is quite different . Who determines this is the Brazilian Association of Atheists and Agnostics, Atea.
The organization’s website talks about each of them and brings other interesting curiosities on the topic, such as that it is possible to be atheist and religious at the same time. Can you imagine? Continue reading to better understand.
What is an Atheist?
According to Atea, the Brazilian Association of Atheists and Agnostics, there are several definitions for atheism. However, she adopts the following: “atheism is any form of absence of theism – that is, atheism is the absence of belief in any deities “. That is, a person who is an atheist denies the existence of a God, whether He is of any origin.
Atheism is the absence of belief in any deities (Photo: depositphotos)
What is an agnostic?
An agnostic person, on the other hand, adopts the stance of not knowing about a God.
“The radical gnosis means knowledge; thus, agnosticism is the statement of ignorance about the truth of a proposition . In other words, the agnostic asserts that the question of the existence of deities has not yet been decided, or cannot be decided ”.
Some agnostics follow metaphysical ideas, that there may even be gods. That is, it is worth the benefit of the doubt.
See also: What is religious intolerance and which religion is most affected in Brazil
Is it possible to unite the two beliefs?
According to Atea, the Brazilian Association of Atheists and Agnostics, it is possible to be an atheist and agnostic. Just as it is also possible to be atheist and religious.
The organization gives examples of Jainism, Indian religion, and some forms of Buddhism, which do not believe in a God, but are considered religions .
Is there any document common to atheists?
One of the greatest characteristics of atheists is the absence of hierarchy or any text that guides their followers.
Therefore, it is fair to say that people who are atheists simply do not believe in anything collective, except that God does not exist, so it does not make sense to keep guides or manuals that dictate how each one should go about his life.
Data on atheism
According to the Canção Nova website, a Brazilian Catholic community, there are currently about 749.2 million people who claim to be non-believers . This corresponds to 11% of the world population. The nation that has the most people who claim to be atheists is Sweden. Because 85% of its population say they do not believe in God.
See also: Agnosticism – Religion
Brazil, on the other hand, is the opposite and is considered one of the most religious countries in the world with 76% of the population claiming to be believers .
Controversies about atheism
76% of the Brazilian population declares themselves to be believers (Photo: depositphotos)
According to the Canção Nova article, every atheist is religious, because “ no one can prove that God does not exist . If there is no defined rational or scientific definition, everything is on the plane of faith: I believe it or not. It is clear that atheism has a religious configuration and this is evident among atheists who fight for the atheist cause as if it were really a religion that wants to convert adherents ”.
Atea’s website explains the reasons for being an atheist. “ Everyone is born an atheist , that is, without belief in any gods, and most people acquire this belief due to indoctrination at home and at school. So, unlike religion, some atheists have always been atheists, and others have become atheists. But it is still clear that any form of atheism must have solid justifications ”.
Scientists for and against a God
The father of general relativity theory, one of the pillars of modern physics alongside quantum mechanics, the German physicist Albert Einstein was an open agnostic. That is, he accepted that God could exist, but he could not prove this existence .
Who is not thrilled to watch the film ‘The Theory of Everything’, inspired by the life of British scientist Stephen William Hawking?
The scientist is considered one of the most important today and also says he is an atheist. The scholar claims that the universe is governed by the laws of science . And she is the highest authority when it comes to the universe.
Founder of classical theoretical physics, Isac Newton was a believer in the existence of a God. He claimed that the movement, the orbits of the planets and the composition of matter were defined by God. Therefore, the scientist studied the Bible a lot .