The Cultural Identity is a concept from the fields of sociology and anthropology, indicating the culture in which the individual is inserted. That is, the one he shares with other members of the group, be it traditions, beliefs, preferences, among others.
In addition, certain identity factors are decisive for a group to be part of such a culture, for example, history, location, race, ethnicity, language and religious belief.
The concept of cultural diversity is closely linked to that of identity. He points to the variety of cultures that exist in the world, which have arisen due to the interaction developed between beings and the environment.
First of all, it is worth remembering that cultural identity is a concept that has been widely discussed in recent decades, however, it has always existed. In other words, from the beginning, men organized themselves into social groups, which shared information and identifications with their members.
The social interaction between human beings gave rise to different cultures, that is, the set of customs and traditions of a people which are passed on from generation to generation.
The feeling of belonging then arises from the experiences that human beings develop during their social life, however, and as already mentioned above, the location and history of such civilizations are essential to understand this concept.
Thus, it is clear that there are several cultural identities in the world, especially in Brazil. However, it can be seen in a more macro or micro way, for example, having a feeling associated with the Brazilian identity, and also, a feeling of identity with the region (city) of Brazil in which he lived most of his life.
Many symbolic elements are chosen and are associated with the identity of several nations, for example, football with Brazil, Tango with Argentina, Dances in Africa, among others.
However, it is very important to make it clear that a Brazilian may not identify himself with the most relevant aspects and cultural elements associated with his Nation, as with many Brazilians who do not like football or Carnival.
Therefore, it is worth remembering that the concept of cultural identity is very complex and depends on several factors and life experiences. It is closely related to the feeling of belonging and identifications of individuals from a given culture.
See also: Cultural Diversity
Brazilian Cultural Identity
In Brazil, since the time of the discoveries in the 16th century, the main peoples that constituted Brazilian culture were the Portuguese, Africans and Indians.
Therefore, Brazilian culture is the result of the miscegenation of different ethnic groups, and, in addition to the main three, the Brazilian population is made up of immigrants.
Since Brazil has continental dimensions, each region of the country has developed its culture and, in general, the Nation has been brought together in several aspects, which were essential to identify something in common among us Brazilians, for example, the passion for football .
The language is a very important factor of approximation and identification between the beings of a certain place. The language influences a lot in the construction of the cultural identity of a people, since through it we name everything around us and we still develop social communication.
See also: Cultural Relativism
In addition to cultural identity, there is another concept used in sociology called social identity.
This, designates the feeling of belonging to a certain social group and is being built through the social interactions that individuals develop during life.
It is interesting to note that we belong to several social groups, for example, family, work, religion, among others.
See also: What is Social Interaction?
Cultural Identity in Post Modernity
Stuart Hall (1932-2014) was a Jamaican anthropologist and sociologist who lived in England. He is one of the great theorists of culture and, on cultural identity, wrote several articles. However, his work that deserves to be highlighted is “ Cultural Identity in Post Modernity ”.
Remember that postmodernity or postmodernism is a period that begins after the Second World War. For Stuart Hall, the identity crisis arises in postmodernity being formed by individuals who do not have a fixed identity.