An artisan is any person who performs manual work and performs pieces that are totally exclusive, customizing their creations according to the tastes of their customers.
Above all, manual work excludes the use of any type of machine and each piece generated is different. One piece is always different from the other because the artisan does not make all the pieces equal, because their processes are not standardized as it results in an industrial production.
Apart from that, artisanal production is distinguished and differs from production that is made industrially or known as serial production, because the pieces of a serial production have uniform characteristics in each product.
On the other hand, in the mercantilist era when the guilds flourished, there was a craftsmen’s guild , and it was used to group a group of people who held the same trade or the same craft profession.
Distinctive elements of the craftsman’s work
People who work in handicrafts put in their work certain specific details that can be listed in the following list:
- The product that is made is unique
Of course, the product created is unique, this means that the product that a craftsman produces has distinctive features and very different from the other products offered in the market.
In the same way, it can be indicated that each piece made by the same craftsman cannot remain identical to another, because they do not have a structure of production processes that allows one product to be equal to another. That is why each product becomes something unique and unique.
- The product is made by hand
Therefore, handmade products are always produced by hand, so that they do not follow a uniform model in their manufacturing process, for that detail each piece or each creation that is made has particular and differentiated features.
- Use of more time in the elaboration process
Of course, because it is done manually, the preparation of each article implies a greater amount of time, since it requires more detailed work to achieve the final result.
In addition, it is clear that the work done by a machine is done faster than the work at hand, this determines the need to have to use a greater amount of time.
- The techniques that are applied are learned from generation to generation
In relation to artisanal work, it can be mentioned that this is learned from generation to generation, the transmission of knowledge is carried out in the so-called artisan workshops, where the production techniques of each trade or profession are informally transmitted.
- Native raw materials are used
Undoubtedly, artisans use raw materials from the places where they reside, that situation gives them recognition of the products of an area.
In fact, we can mention the handicrafts of Colombia using emeralds in bracelets and necklaces, alpaca wool sweaters in Bolivia, Chinese porcelain tableware; Among some examples that could be named.