Cerebellum

The cerebellum is an organ of the nervous system.

It is found between the brain and the brain stem, connected to the thalamus and spinal cord through many nerve fibers.

The name cerebellum is derived from Latin and means small brain.

Cerebellum location in the brain

Anatomy and Histology

Anatomically, one can distinguish in the cerebellum the vermis and two cerebellar hemispheres (right and left):

The vermis is located in the middle part, it constitutes a narrow band that connects the two hemispheres.

The cerebellar hemispheres are its largest lateral masses. The two hemispheres have transverse folds called leaves. Thus, the cerebellum is formed by a large number of leaves made up of nerve tissue.

The cerebellum is composed of a central part of white matter, covered by a thin layer of gray matter, which represents the cerebellar cortex.

Functions

  • Maintaining balance and posture;
  • Control of muscle tone;
  • Adjustments of body movements;
  • Motor learning.

Know more about other Organs of the human body .

Diseases

When the cerebellum suffers some type of injury, the main symptoms that can arise are:

  • Ataxia: incoordination of movements;
  • Loss of balance;
  • Changes in posture and gait;
  • Decreased muscle tone;
  • Speech and eye movement disorders;

Examples of diseases: Vermis syndrome and Friedreich’s ataxia, an inherited degenerative disease.

 

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