What can cause constipation?

People who suffer from intestinal problems know that going to the bathroom can often be boring and uncomfortable and, more importantly, harmful to health. In this sense, constipation is one of the most common disorders and can affect anyone at different stages of life.

But what are the main causes of the pathology? How to solve it and which doctors to look for? Check the answers in this content!

Which is?

Intestinal constipation is characterized by difficulty in evacuating, and it occurs when bowel movements become difficult or less frequently. Anyone who thinks that the number of visits to the bathroom is a symptom is mistaken, since the variation in time between bowel movements can change in each person.

On the other hand, one of the main symptoms of constipation is dry stools – they can happen to everyone, and it is worth mentioning that even those who go to the bathroom every day can suffer from the problem. Other common symptoms are:

  • feeling of incomplete emptying;
  • ache;
  • discomfort;
  • abdominal swelling;
  • malaise;
  • gases.

What are the causes?

Intestinal constipation can appear at any stage of life and there are several reasons that can cause it. Below, we list some causes for this problem.

Fiber deficiency

One of the main causes of those who suffer from stuck intestines is the deficiency of fibers in the body. Fibers are responsible for the functioning of the intestine, their consumption serves as a source of energy for the mucosa, in addition to encouraging the production of good bacteria and protecting against diseases. They can be found in  foods  like vegetables, legumes and cereals.

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic disease that affects the small and large intestines. The walls of the intestine have several muscles that contract as the body digests. In such cases, the contractions can be more intense – which will cause malaise and diarrhea – or weaker – causing constipation and hardened stools. This disease must be monitored by a  specialist .

Excessive consumption of laxatives

It is common for people with constipation to seek other measures such as laxatives to solve the problem, but this can make the situation worse. When used frequently or in large quantities, this medication can be addictive, so that the intestine will not work without their help. It may also happen that the organism adapts to the medicine and causes it to lose its effect.

Lack of hydration

Accompanied by fibers, water is one of the essential components for the digestion and functioning of the intestine. When drinking fluids, organ contractions happen more easily, in addition to making the stools more liquid with less chance of dryness. The ideal is to drink at least two liters of water a day, for those who have difficulties teas and natural juices can help.

Sedentary lifestyle ,  diabetes , depression, use of painkillers and narcotics, hormonal diseases are some more causes of constipation. The diagnosis of the problem is made with the help of a doctor with questions about the routine and ordering  tests . Ultimately, treatment will depend on symptoms and cause, and can range from dietary reeducation to the use of medicines.

 

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