Camouflage, aposematism and mimicry

The camouflage is a feature that many species of animals use to protect themselves from predators, and also to remain inconspicuous in the eyes of their prey. In camouflage, when animals remain stationary, they are confused with the environment in which they live, such as the polar bear, the stick insect, leaf insect, lions etc.

Chameleons are animals that have specialized cells, called chromatophore cells and guanophore cells. These cells are responsible for the color change in the animal’s skin, but it should be noted that the chameleon does not change color just in order to camouflage itself in the environment. On the contrary, the color changes of the chameleon’s skin serve to communicate, control the temperature, attract partners or repel rivals.

Another way that animals and also plants found, throughout their evolution, to repel predators is the so-called warning colors, or aposematism .

The Aposematism is an evolutionary acquisition that the aim of the species is not to hide, but to be seen. Through vivid and striking colors, such as red, orange, green, blue, or even variations between colors, animals become seen and avoided by their predators. But then, the question arises: “If they want to be seen, will predators see them and attack them?” No, predators will not attack them, because these animals that have bright and striking colors are unpalatable and almost always poisonous, and As they evolved, predatory beings began to identify and avoid apematic colored organisms, which can cause great damage and even the death of those who consume them.

These species that have bright and flashy colors keep their predators at bay, and from this experience, other species, throughout their evolution, started to “copy” these flashy colors with the sole purpose of keeping predators at bay. This feature of some animals is called mimicry .

There are several cases of mimicry , one of which is what occurs between the true coral snake and the false coral snake. In order to be confused, the fake coral snake, which has no poison, copies the colors of the true coral snake, which is extremely poisonous.

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