Over the past few years, there has been a significant increase in cases of people suffering from joint pain problems. Repetitive strain injuries are part of problems related to work activities that affect the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and nerves. Among these many problems, bursitis is one of the most common.
These problems cause pain and lead to a temporary and even indefinite withdrawal from their professional activities. Although these problems affect the population in general, their occurrence is more common among physical activity workers and practitioners who are exposed to excessive exertion and repetitive movements.
Disorders in the joints generate a serious socioeconomic problem, as they imply low productivity at work, cause professional removal and generate high public health expenses in the recovery projects and treatment of these patients.
Bursitis is curable and is a joint problem and can be easily treated if the diagnosis is correct. Let’s take a look at the main causes and treatments available and some tips on how to cure the problem.
What is bursitis?
Inside the joints in the human body, there are pockets full of lubricating fluids called bursas. These pockets have the function of protecting the tissues surrounding the joints to prevent friction between the muscle, bone and tendon. Bursas are critical in assisting movement, cushioning impacts, and also increasing joint protection, reducing friction and wear.
When friction occurs between two bones, compressing the tendons of the joint during the lifting, flexing or extending movements, an inflammation process called bursitis can occur. Among the joints that may be most affected are the hip, elbow, shoulder, knee, and Achilles tendon joints.
What are the causes and symptoms of bursitis?
Many of the causes of bursitis have not yet been determined, but the main ones are related to repetitive joint use, trauma, stress injuries, a history of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, psoriatic arthritis, thyroid disorders, infections, and many more. others. Bursitis can occur in anyone, but is more common in adults over 40 years.
This inflammation can generate several symptoms, among them the most common is the presence of pain, which can be sudden and intense, leaving the region very sensitive to touch, also causing swelling, redness and hindering movements.
The diagnosis should be made correctly by a healthcare professional, as the symptoms of bursitis are similar to many other inflammations and may cause confusion with other problems. But remember that bursitis has a cure, and we will see below how to cure the condition and its types of treatment.
Here are some of the main types of bursitis:
– hip bursitis
There are two main bursae in the hip that can ignite. The first covers the hip bone point called the great trochanter (trochanteric bursitis). The other bursa is from the iliopsoas muscle tendon, which is on the inner side of the hip, next to the groin. This hip inflammation can affect men and women, but is more common in middle-aged and elderly people.
– Shoulder Bursitis
The shoulder joint is formed by the humerus, collarbone and shoulder blade. The bursa protects the tendons in this region and, with prolonged, repetitive pressure or due to overexertion, inflammation of this pouch may occur. The numbers of shoulder joint disorders grow every year. Some studies show that 14% to 21% of people have some shoulder pain.
– Knee Bursitis
Knee bursitis can occur in different regions, and may occur in the prepatellar bursa, located between the kneecap and skin, the so-called goose paw bursa, which is on the inner surface of the knee, the infrapatellar bursa, which is below the knee. patella, the deep infrapatellar bursa, which is located between the patellar tendon and Hoffa fat, or the semimembranous bursa.
Knee bursitis is quite common and may occur due to overload, continuous pressure, direct trauma, minor repetitive trauma or even prolonged repetition.
What are the main treatments for bursitis?
Some minor daily care can greatly help in treating this problem. During the recovery period, it is important to avoid any activity that may aggravate the problem and always keep the inflamed area firm so that no movement is made. Applying ice on the spot also helps in relieving pain and reducing swelling.
The use of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs is also critical. However, caution should be exercised with self-medication as it may cause a delay in diagnosis. Abuse of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs can mask symptoms and aggravate the problem. Therefore, it is not recommended to use medicines without the advice of a healthcare professional.
At the sign of any of the symptoms, seek medical advice to properly verify the diagnosis. Treatments are usually done with drugs to combat inflammation on site and antibiotics, and in some cases an invasive procedure may be performed to remove the fluid from the bursa, and the need for a surgical procedure is very rare.
Physical therapy is also critical during treatment and is an option for the patient. It assists in the correct restoration of the joint functions that have been affected, also helping to lessen the pain, and can also help in strengthening the muscles around the joint so that movements are restored.
It is important to emphasize that the cause of the problem must be eliminated, as for example, in cases where there has been repetitive effort, the patient must stop his activities during treatment and also need to change his lifestyle so that bursitis does not become chronic.
Alternative Treatments for Bursitis
Among the many treatments currently available to prove that bursitis is curable, acupuncture has been emerging as an excellent option. This ancient technique of traditional Chinese medicine is used as a treatment for various diseases, becoming well known in the West for its efficiency.
Acupuncture helps balance energy flows by applying needles to specific points on the body. This process helps activate the nerves in the muscles, releasing the fibers, and activating neurotransmitters and hormones that promote relaxation and a sense of well-being.
How to cure bursitis?
Many people question whether bursitis is curable and how to proceed so that the problem does not return. As we saw earlier, bursitis can have many causes and many of them are related to the lifestyle and care the patient has during their daily routine.
A case in which the problem arose due to efforts made in the workplace, for example, should be evaluated, because even if the correct treatment of the disease is made, the patient can no longer continue with his current activities and must make changes to that there is no worse problem in the future.
To avoid potential problems in the future, it is recommended that you maintain a healthy lifestyle, including proper rest and constant stretching , muscle strengthening, and the inclusion of aerobic activities with the guidance of a healthcare professional. specialized.
More than understanding that bursitis is curable and simply treating the problem, it is important to take preventative measures to prevent the disease from developing. The prevention program should include rest breaks, reduced muscle overload during activity, reduction of routine problems with diversification of tasks, ergonomic fit of machines, tools and furniture.
Rest and proper positioning during activities are critical to preventing injury and preventing further damage. Another suggestion is the use of splints in the affected area, in conjunction with the physical therapy treatment, to reduce pain in the area.An important tip is that before doing any physical activity or even any professional activity that requires physical effort, you should perform the correct muscle warm-up and also increase your fluid intake throughout the day.