Barretón (Tool). They are steel levers finished in plant leaf and semi-plant of the same metal, medium length handle.
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- 1 Description
- 2 History of agricultural tools
- 1 Current use
- 3 Other agricultural tools
- 4 Sources
Metallic tool used in different trades or professions such as stonework, archeology , mining and agriculture , somewhat light force application tool, long, round, its size reaches up to 2 meters and with a tip at one end with a shovel or paddle shape used in a practical and manual way to hit stones.
The barretón, due to its tradition, custom, state and nation, receives other names such as tochotranca, barra and barreta.
History of agricultural tools
The first agricultural tools, which specifically can be classified as such, have accompanied the development of agriculture since the Neolithic period, about 8,000 years ago. Already then there is dating of tools used for the sowing, harvesting, drying and storage of cereals and other crops. Some remains have been found in the archaeological sites of the Neolithic, excavated in Europe, the Near East or Latin America.
These sources have served to determine that the early European farmers used stone hoes with wooden handles, while the pre-Columbian farmers used a long pole with a pointed end to bury the corn kernels.
The tools were simple instruments made of wood, stone, flagpole, or bone. Axes, hoes and other tools appear for the work of the land, the cutting of the harvest and the cleaning of shrub areas for planting. The first plows appear about 3,500 years ago and are an evolution of the hoe to which a draft, human and later animal, is added to facilitate the deep turning of the earth.
The permanence until today of many of those tools in their fundamental structures is a surprising fact.
Most of the tools; with the obvious incorporation of metal parts, which would begin weakly Age copper because this metal does not improve the resistance of the flint, followed Age bronze and extends and generalizes Age iron iron -the provides the necessary hardness to agricultural instruments which makes them very effective; they survive in their integrity and extent of use until the industrial revolution and the appearance of agricultural machinery.
Even today, they are still necessary in secondary tasks in the industrialized agricultural environment and essential in many other regions, especially in poor and less industrialized countries. Preparing the soil before planting is vital to then obtain good harvests.
The compacted soil must be broken and removed to oxygenate it. Weeds and traces of past crops must also be destroyed to accelerate development and prevent disease . The main implements used in this stage are: subsoilers, plows, cultivators, harrows, shovels, stone collectors and levelers. The difference between these is in the depth with which they remove the soil, being the subsoiler the one that penetrates the deepest.
Other agricultural tools
Agricultural tools are instruments used for tilling the soil , loading sand, weeding, removing the soil, digging trenches, transporting manure or material, etc. There are many and very varied agricultural tools, among which are mentioned:
- Trolleys : they are small charges that have a wheel and serve
to load and unload agricultural material, be it sand , earth, fertilizers.
- Escardillas : they are tools with a shovel-shaped end; it is made of metal with a lower edge with a cutting edge; it serves to remove the earth.
- Machetes : they are designed tools
to cut; they have a long, sharp steel blade, attached to a wooden handle.
- Shovels : they are sheets of metal, preferably steel, which are used to till the soil; they can be pointed or wide; They have a lower edge with a cutting edge and a long handle of
wood finished on a metal handle.
- Peaks : they are instruments made up of a part of steel whose ends end in the shape of a rectangular shovel, on one side, and vertically on the ground; It has a rectangular shovel with a lower edge and a wooden or metal handle.
- Rakes : designed to cover or rake seeds; They have a horizontal metal part and are made up of thin or thick teeth depending on use.
- Transplanters : They are small metal shovels in the shape of a small spoon, with sharp edges and a wooden handle. They serve to remove seeds.