Barbie . It debuted on March 9, 1959 at the American International Toy Fair , toy fair. It was created by Ruth Handler, wife of Elliot Handler, co-founder of the Mattel company.
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- 1 History
- 2 Creation and design
- 3 Physical evolution
- 4 Collecting
- 5 Boyfriend
- 6 Professions
- 7 Filmography of Barbie
- 8 Sources
In the 1950s, Ruth Handler realized that her daughter (Barbara) preferred to play with dolls with adult characteristics, rather than children. At that time, the vast majority of the dolls that were made were children’s. Realizing the possible business, she decided to propose it to her husband and co-founder of Mattel, although the idea would not come to fruition, due to the reaction shown by the director of Mattel .
Elliot Handler , Ruth’s husband, during a trip to Germany , discovered a doll in a shop window named Lilli. It was a doll, inspired by a sociable adult woman, who knew what she wanted, and did not hesitate to use men to obtain it. The doll in question began selling to men, going on to sell to girls given its popularity, girls who enjoyed dressing it up and changing their clothes. Lilli became so popular that she crossed German borders, reaching the United States .
When this happened, Mattel, having rejected Ruth Handler’s earlier idea, bought the rights to Lilli. They gave her a makeover, a new body, and a new name, Barbie, in honor of Ruth’s daughter, Barbara. When it was all perfect, they decided to give birth to Barbie the 9 of March of 1959 at the American International Toy Fair, maintaining that date, as the official birthday of the wrist.
In her “debut”, Barbie wore a blonde hairstyle from the 60s, with a swimsuit simulating zebra skin in her print. Over the years the models have been updated, as well as the doll’s hair color and shape. The doll was created as a young woman with a passion for fashion.
In today’s world Barbie is no longer a doll, to become a fashion icon, in addition to its merchandise is so appreciated by girls (and collectors) that Barbie no longer sells items based on the doll. Now the Barbie label produces an incredible amount of merchandise that, while not selling as well as the doll, is a significant addition to Mattel. Among the products that we can find from Barbie, there are girls ‘clothes, jewelry, watches, cash registers, girls’ cars, PC games, [[GBA] games, movies , prints, decoration accessories, music , etc. A huge list that makes Barbie the best-selling doll worldwide.
Like every product that is so commercially successful, companies immediately try to imitate the product, but none of them worked, until 2001, when the toy company MGA created a line of five-member dolls called Bratz : Each Bratz had a different personality, shape dress, hair color … The Mattel company couldn’t beat the Bratz dolls, and Barbie couldn’t expand much beyond being a rose-colored princess. For this reason, in 2002 Mattel launched “ My Scene”A group of dolls much larger in size, but representing a much younger age than Barbie. Five different dolls were created where clothes were more fashionable, and her life was a common life, based on going out to parties, shopping, and wearing clothes that any girl could wear.
At the beginning of 2007, some lines of this doll began to be launched, such as, fashion fever or Barbie Girl , which presented great changes in terms of their presentation, the main ones were: decrease in height, semi-torn eyes, shortening of the neck and foot-shoe presentation, permanently.
Creation and design
Technology and design play a very important role in its manufacturing process, in which the most advanced techniques are combined with truly artisanal methods. This has allowed it to retain details that are very similar to real life, that over time has acquired greater mobility and that, since 1993Speak in a large number of languages, including Spanish and Catalan. Its manufacturing process is not simple and requires a lot of specialized labor. The body is modeled by the plastic injection system, but its face is painted by hand with six or seven different shades of ink, which is done through masks that are applied successively to achieve true colors. The hair is implanted by hand, using sewing machines. Once the head is joined to the body, we proceed to the haircut and hairstyle, a process that requires great care and precision. Her dresses are also manually sewn despite their size, all clothing is very much like real life. Mattel designers visit the most important fashion fairs in the world ( Paris ,Milan …), to get up close to the collections of each season.
His image has evolved over time. Changes have always focused on the expression of the face, which in 1959 was more serious and naive, with a deep look, a long face and a mouth with sensual lips was closed. In 1967 the world was changing, women began to open a space in society, they felt more sure of themselves and the Barbie doll reflected it then with a more direct look, and a slight smile that was drawn on her lips.
Ten years later, in 1977 , she presented the image of the modern, dynamic, independent and vital woman, who was smiling frankly, revealing her perfect white teeth. Her slender silhouette remained the same, with the same chest, the same waist, and the same long, pretty legs; only his body was more mobile. In 1997, the Barbie doll shows new features. The serenity of her closed mouth, thinner nose and smooth mane, now make her more attractive and current. In addition, it presents changes in its body. He has a more real figure, with less chest and the perimeter of his waist increases. Barbie’s new look is more natural and casual
The change of figure and face will be introduced in some Barbie dolls gradually during 1998 . The influence of fashion has also caused changes in the Barbie doll, which each year presents new models, hairstyles and makeup, according to the canons dictated by fashion.
Collecting toys is one of the most widespread hobbies among young people and adults around the world and, in many countries, one of the most practiced is collecting Barbie dolls. A classic toy that, since its launch in 1959 , has become a true sociological phenomenon. The different Barbie dolls that have appeared throughout these years reflect not only the evolution of women, but also of society, in aspects as varied as social relations, aesthetic criteria or the development of industry and technology.
The hobby of collecting Barbie dolls is becoming so important. Monograph fairs are held annually in the US, the country of origin, where collectors can offer or exchange dolls, accessories and all kinds of objects related to Barbie. Something similar is already happening in several countries in Europe. In Spain the ” Barbiemania ” begins to become a reality. For some years, Mattel has collaborated with the world of collecting by producing Barbie dolls specially designed for this purpose. From porcelain reproductions of the first Barbie dolls from the 60s, to those dressed by famous designers or to those representing different countries and historical times.
Her boyfriend Ken from 1961 , Ken, several times is blond, brown or black. In 2005 the Mattel company decided to end the relationship of these characters, being from now on “friends”. However, in 2007 , ” barbie girlfriend ” was released where she married a “handsome boyfriend”. It could be the wedding of Barbie at last, but Mattel would have been given a communication, and the news would already be known. At another time, the Barbie “Mom” who was pregnant and had a boyfriend as husband … who did not declare that he was “Ken” also went on sale . Toy maker Mattel Inc. announced in New York that its Barbie doll has a new partner, the surfer.Australian named Blaine .
- Professor or Teacher
- Pet sitter
- Barbie & the rockers (1980’s)
- Barbie and the rockers: Out of This World (1987)
- Barbie and the secret door
- Barbie and the sensations: Returned to Earth (1987)
- Barbie in the Nutcracker (2001)
- Barbie as Rapunzel (2002)
- Barbie in the Swan Lake (2003)
- Barbie in the Princess and the Commoner (2004)
- Barbie: Fairytopia (2005)
- Barbie and the Magic of Pegasus (2005)
- Barbie’s Diary (2006)
- Barbie in Fairytopia: Mermaidia (2006)
- Barbie in The 12 Dancing Princesses. (2006)
- Barbie Fairytopia: Magic of the Rainbow (2007)
- Barbie as the Princess of the Island (2007)
- Barbie as the Princess of Animals (2007)
- Barbie Mariposa (2008)
- Barbie at the Diamond Castle (2008)
- Barbie in a Christmas Carol (2008)
- Barbie Thumbelina (2009)
- Barbie and the Three Musketeers (2009)
- Barbie in a Mermaid Adventure (2010)
- Barbie: Magical Fashion in Paris (2010)
- Barbie: The Secret of Fairies (2011)
- Barbie: Princess School (2011)
- Barbie: A Perfect Christmas (2011)
- Barbie: Sisters of Camp (2011)
- Barbie in a Mermaid Adventure 2 (2012)
- Barbie the Princess and the Singer (2012)
- Barbie: The Princess and the Star (2012)
- Barbie and the Magical Slippers (2013)
- Barbie Mariposa and the Fairy Princess (2013)
- Barbie and her sisters on a pony adventure (2013)
- Barbie: The Pearl Princess (2014)
- Barbie and the Secret Door (2014)
- Barbie: Super Princess (2015)
- Barbie at the Princess Camp (2015)
- Barbie and Her Sisters: Puppies in Search of Treasure (2015)
- Barbie: Secret Squad (2016)
- Barbie: Adventure in Space (2016)
- Barbie and Her Sisters in Search of Puppies (2016)
- Barbie: Video Game Superheroine (2017)