What Is Aramaic Alphabet;Is It Adopted By Persians

The Aramaic writing system was an abjad [ 1 ] [ 2 ] very widespread in the Mesopotamian region from the century BC , being then adopted by the Persians .Unlike the Latin that fell into disuse around 1300, the Aramaic is still an active language in some parts of the interior of Syria , [ 3 ] of Turkey [ 4 ] and Iraq . [ 5 ]

Aramaic is a very enlightening language for the history of mankind and its importance lies in the fact that it is the link to know the pronunciation of the names and sounds of the consonants that form the Hebrew alphabet ; language that was in daily disuse (but kept its use in the Jewish religion), very old that until the middle of the 20th century was unpronounceable due to the absence of vowels.

Unlike the Hebrew alphabet, Aramaic has always been used in the interior of Syria and its preservation is due to the fact that it was written and spoken by Christian villagers who for millennia inhabited the different cities north of Damascus , among them admittedly in Ma’lula and Yabrud “where Jesus Christ lived for 3 days” citation needed ] and other Mesopotamian villages where Christ passed [ citation needed ] , such as Tur’Abdin and Mardin in southern Turkey .

At the beginning of the last century, due to political and religious persecution, thousands of these Christians immigrated to the West, where today only a few hundred remain.

Index

  • 1Writing
  • 2Imperial Aramaic alphabet
  • 3References
  • 4External links

Aramaic writing is abjad , that is, it uses only consonants . The writing direction is from right to left in horizontal lines, as is the case, for example, with the Hebrew and Arabic scripts .

The primitive Aramaic alphabet had 22 symbols for consonants, which underwent changes around the 5th century BC and started to present two forms, one cursive and the other called “square”, with more straight lines.

Imperial Aramaic alphabet

The table below [ 6 ] presents forms of the Aramaic alphabet used in Egypt in the 5th century BC The denominations are in accordance with Biblical Aramaic . Hebrew , Arabic and Syriac equivalents are presented .

Letter name Letter shape Letter Hebrew Arabic Syriac Phonology
Ālaph 𐡀 א أ ܐ / ʔ /

; / aː / , / eː /

Bēth 𐡁 ב ب ܒ / b /

, / v /

Gāmal 𐡂 ג ج ܓ / ɡ /

, / ɣ /

Dālath 𐡃 ד د ܕ / d /

, / ð /

𐡄 ה ܗ /H/
Waw 𐡅 ו و ܘ / w /

; / oː / , / uː /

Zain 𐡆 ז ز ܙ / z /
Ḥēth 𐡇 ח خ, ح ܚ /H/
Ṭēth 𐡈 ט ط ܛ / tˤ /

emphatic

Yudh 𐡉 י ي ܝ / j /

; / iː / , / eː /

Kāph 𐡊 כ ך ك ܟܟ / k /

, / x /

Lāmadh 𐡋 ל ل ܠ / l /
Me 𐡌 מ ם م ܡܡ / m /
Nun 𐡍 נ ן ن ܢܢ ܢ / n /
Semkath 𐡎 ס س ܣ /s/
Ayin -‘Ē 𐡏 ע غ, ع ܥ / ʕ /
𐡐 פ ף ف ܦ / p /

, / f /

Ṣādhē , 𐡑 צ ץ ص ܨ / sˤ /

emphatic

Qoph 𐡒 ק ق ܩ / q /
Rēsh 𐡓 ר ر ܪ / r /
Shin disambiguation required ] 𐡔 ש ش, س ܫ / ʃ /
Tau 𐡕 ת ت, ث ܬ / t /

, / θ /

 

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