When we remember the story of the prophet Ibrahim. of course there must be an important event that is also always attached to him. Namely Allah’s command. to the prophet Ibrahim. to slaughter his son named Ismail as. or often we are familiar with the term or event sacrifice.
And, we all know that these events are always commemorated by Muslims every year. This is so that it reminds us all to be always grateful and not too love for everything that is around us.
Now, on this occasion, let us learn a little about what exactly is called the sacrifice. Starting from the understanding, the law, the conditions and when to carry out the sacrifice. because we need to know together that this sacrifice is different from akikah .
Chapter List ☰
The Meaning of Sacrifice (Sacrifice) and the Law of Sacrifice
Sacrifice when seen in terms of the letters (qo-ro-ba = close. Pen) is an attempt to get closer to something. More clearly an attempt to approach yourself from a human being in worshiping Allah. This sacrifice is certainly preferred for those who have the ability.
As for Arabic, this sacrifice is called the اضحيّة ( Udhhiyyah ), which according to the language means to slaughter an animal in the morning. According to the term is an effort to worship to get closer to God by slaughtering animals on the feast of ‘Eid al-Qurban or’ Eid al-Adha and tasyrik days in accordance with applicable sharia
For the law of sacrifice itself is the sunnah muakkad meaning sunnah which is highly recommended. Especially for those of us who are able to carry it out. Because by sacrificing ourselves we can taqarrub to Allah Almighty. Plus being able to maintain solidarity with each other also tightens the friendship that exists in the communities around us.
Verses of the Qur’an or the Prophetic Hadiths Concerning Sacrifice
In this sacrifice, there are of course texts or propositions that explain the sacrifice. Well, of course there are those who feel curious about the propositions that explain the sacrifice. Here are a few propositions that explain about sacrifice.
- Kalam Allah Almighty. in QS. Al-Kautsar (108th letter)
إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ (1) فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ (2) إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ (3)
Really, We have given you (Muhammad) many favors. So, pray because of your Lord and sacrifice (as worship and draw closer to God). Indeed, it is those who hate you who are cut off (from the grace of God).
- Hadith narrated from the path of Imam Daruquthni
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ, قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «أُمِرْتُ بِلٍٍٍٍٍٍٍٍٍٍََِِِِِّّ
From Ibn ‘Abbas ra., From the Prophet. He said: “ordered me to slaughter the sacrifice, (but) there is no obligation” (HR. Daruquthni)
- The hadith is narrated from the path of Imam Ahmad
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «كُتِبَ عَلَيَّ النَّحْرُ ََََََََََََََََََََََ
From Ibn ‘Abbas, from the prophet. He said: “it is obligatory upon me to sacrifice, and it is not obligatory for all of you …” (HR. Ahmad)
Animals – Sacrificial Animals and their Terms
Also note that in Islam, the name of the animal sacrifice is not just any animal. But there are already types and conditions the animal is appropriate to be called a sacrificial animal.
Then what are the types of animals ??, and how to know these animals are appropriate or appropriate to be sacrificed animals ??. The following explanation:
Animals that can be used as a sacrifice are
As for the animals deserves to be called sacrificial animals are as follows:
- For camels is when they reach the age of five years
- For cows and buffaloes when they are two years old or more
- For sheep is after reaching the age of more than one year or there are already front teeth that have been replaced or removed
- For a goat is when its age has reached more than two years
In addition, we must also pay attention to the physical condition of the animal. If we find defects that exist in these animals. So, these animals are not worth sacrificing.
Then what is the category of defective animals ??
- The animal is old and has no more marrow
- Animals that experience blindness in one eye
- The animal is limping
- The animal is sick or is sick
- Animals with missing ears or horns.
Time of Sacrifice
After talking about the sacrifice above, of course the question arises when the sacrifice is held ??
This sacrifice is performed when Muslims commemorate the Eid al-Adha (every 10th of Dhu al-Hijjah) after the ‘Eid al-Adha prayer, and the next three days (11,12,13 Dzulhijjah) or often referred to as Tasyrik day.
The sacrifice was explained in a hadith of the prophet Muhammad. which reads as follows:
عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه, قال: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: «من ذبح قبل الصلاة فإنما ذبح لنفسه, ومن ذبح بعد الصلاة فقد تم نسكه, وأصاب سنة المسلمين»
From Anas bin Malik ra. he said: that the prophet peace be upon him. has said: “Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer (Eid al-Adha), then he is actually slaughtering for himself. And, whoever slaughters the animal after performing the prayer (‘Eid al-Adha prayer), then in fact he has perfected his worship and has undergone Islamic law (HR. Bukhari)
Wisdom of Performing Sacrifice
We know for ourselves that everything we do certainly has its own wisdom. Likewise with carrying out this sacrifice. There are some lessons that we can take lessons from carrying out the sacrifice. Among them are as follows:
- Train everyone to sacrifice some of their assets for the common good.
- In an effort to stay away from the miser and stingy nature that is in us
- Train to always be obedient and obedient to God Almighty, as well as the manifestation of gratitude for the treasure that has been given by Him to us.
- Can share the pleasures with the poor in the Eid al-Adha
- And so on.
Thus the study of what is referred to as sacrifice and things related to it. Hopefully this brief study can be useful and utilized in our daily lives (not only at the moment of sacrifice)