The Anglo-Zanzibar War

Anglo-Zanzibar was a military confrontation on August 27, 1896 between the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the United Kingdom fought for less than 45 minutes, making it the shortest war ever recorded in history. According to the 1886 treaty, the British consul would give permission to any individual to ascend to the position of the sultanate. On August 25, 1896, the pro-British sultan Hamad bin Thuwaini died and Sultan Khalid bin Barghash ascended to the sultanate position that the British hoped would go to the more friendly Hamud bin Muhammed. Khalid did not meet the requirements of the 1886 treaty and Britain interpreted this as a provocation for the war, thus issuing an ultimatum for Khalid and his forces to set it aside. Khalid challenged these orders and barricaded himself inside the palace.

War

Hamad died in August 25, in an apparent murder of his nephew 29, Khalid bin Bargash. This attempt was Khalid’s second to be a sultan, the former three years earlier. Just like the first time, British authorities warned Khalid that this time he did not listen to the warning and installed 2,800 armed troops to protect him. The next day, each party prepared for battle as Britain brought more reinforcements while still negotiating with Khalid who refused, leading to the publication of an ultimatum that expired the next morning. In August 27, at 9:00 AM (EAT), the British had gathered cannons, cruisers, over 100 sailors and marines, and 900 Zanzibaris locals near the port, ready to face 2,800 Zanzibaris that defended the palace with cannons aimed at the British troops . At 9: 02 AM, an all-out war broke out, with a heavy British firepower that disabled those defending the palace. On the naval side, the British Royal Navy sank the Zanzibar Royal Yacht and two other smaller boats. With 9: 40 AM, pro-British fighters shot down the palace flag, ceased firing and declared victory.

Consequences

There were at least 500 men and women victims of the pro sultanate and only a seriously wounded British sailor who later recovered. Most of the victims were the result of the fire that destroyed the building. The German consulate offered Khalid and some forty asylum seekers and later transferred them to German East African territory on the Tanzania mainland, despite Britain requesting their extradition for the trial. The war also saw the chaotic and opportunistic looting of property, particularly from Indian companies that led to the loss of another twenty people. Britain brought Xnumx Sikh troops from Mombasa to restore order and many other sailors to extinguish the fire it had traversed from the building to neighboring structures. Because the war damaged the building, it was demolished and the space used as a garden and a new building built.

The British protagonists obtained honors and several appointments in the army. Captured Khalid supporters had to pay for the cost of bullets fired at them and the cost of looting. Later, during the First World War of the XIXX, British forces captured Khalid and exiled him to the Seychelles, although later they allowed him to return to Mombasa where he lived until his death in 150. Captured Khalid supporters had to pay for the cost of bullets fired at them and the cost of looting.

Later, during the First World War of the XIXX, British forces captured Khalid and exiled him to the Seychelles, although later they allowed him to return to Mombasa where he lived until his death in 150. Captured Khalid supporters had to pay for the cost of bullets fired at them and the cost of looting. Later, during the First World War of the XIXX, British forces captured Khalid and exiled him to the Seychelles, although later they allowed him to return to Mombasa where he lived until his death in 150.

The new Sultan

Britain lost no time in replacing Khalid with his favorite Sultan Hamud who became very loyal. However, Hamud was the head of a puppet government because Britain increased its influence in the government to the point that Hamud only became a ceremonial leader. Britain has forced Hamud to abolish all forms of slavery that lead to tens of thousands of emancipated people in ten years. The Anglo-Zanzibar war was very effective for the British, as no other Zanzibar rebelled against Britain for the last 67 years when Zanzibar was a British protectorate.

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