Angelology . It is a theological, mythological and historical discipline that is based on ancient religious texts, works of art and contemporary observations about angels and their role in the visible and invisible world.


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  • 1 Origins of angels in religion
  • 2 Hebrew Angelology
    • 1 Hierarchy of angels in Judaism
  • 3 Christian angelology
  • 4 New Age Angelology
    • 1 According to the New Age movement, heavenly beings
  • 5 Sources

Origins of angels in religion

It is not known exactly when the mentions of angels began in the world’s religious texts , but the figures of winged beings who serve as the messengers of the gods appear in the oldest religions of humanity . Ancient texts such as those of the Sumerians, Egyptians , Persians, and Hindus mention beings similar to angels.

Hebrew Angelology

The Hebrew Bible is the basis of angelology. Both Christian and New Age angelology start from this text in their conception of angels.

In the Hebrew Bible , a malakh (plural Malakhim) is a messenger angel who also appears repeatedly in rabbinical literature and traditional Jewish liturgy . Mal’akh also means angel in modern Hebrew language.

Hebrew angelology is studied by dividing it into three periods: the Biblical period, the Talmudic and Midrásico , and the medieval period .

In the biblical period, the study of angels is based on mentions of angels in the Hebrew Bible.

The Talmudic and Midrásico newspaper incorporates the interpretation of the rabbis to the Biblical events.

In the medieval period , the Spanish cabal and mystical angelology emerged . Whereas in the Talmud angels are instruments of God , for Kabbalistic angelologists angels could be called by name and served the human being.

Hierarchy of angels in Judaism

  1. Hayot Ha Kodesh
  2. Ophanim
  3. Erelim
  4. Hashmallim
  5. Seraphim
  6. Malakhim or Messengers
  7. Elohim or “divine Beings”
  8. Bene Elohim or “children of divine beings”
  9. Cherubs
  10. Ishim

The Cabal retains the same hierarchies, but with additional elements and different interpretations.

Christian angelology

The Christian study of angels starts from the Bible , the sacred text of Christianity. The main conclusions of Christian angelology regarding the origin and function of angels.

Angels are servants and executors of God’s will. ( Genesis 19,1-25) They are messengers from God. ( Acts 10.3)

Angels are in the presence of God constantly ( Matthew 18:10). Their tasks are to be attentive to God’s orders, to pray for human beings, to worship God continually, to watch over, sing and proclaim the perfection of God. ( Revelation 8.3)

They are intercessors between God and the human being ( Genesis 28,12). They are also guardians, protectors, and ministers of divine justice.

There are archangels (Judas 9 where the prefix αρχ = arc indicates supremacy) that are mentioned by name in the Bible: Miguel (Judas 9), Gabriel (Daniel 9,21 / Saint Luke 1, 19-26) and Rafael (Tobías 5, 4)

There are 7 main angels, although the names of some are not within the biblical canon. (Tobias 12.15)

Christian angelologists gave angels hierarchies and functions according to the mentions of angels that appear in the Bible.

In early Christianity , mystics and scholars of angelology referred to books that were highly authoritative in those days, but were later left out of the Bible . The books of Enoch 1, 2 and 3 are examples of these angelological resources.

New Age Angelology

The New Age is noted for its gnostic tendencies or emphasis on personal experience. Although his literature takes into account traditional sources regarding angels such as the Bible and the Kabbalah Zohar, the emphasis of New Age angelology leans toward knowledge through experience.

According to the New Age movement, heavenly beings

They are assigned to people’s lives. They have names and communicate with humans when invoked. They respond to colors, elements, stones, the stars and other physical manifestations . They have specific areas of action such as hours, days , months, and years . They obey the requests of human beings, intercede for them and offer help in cases of emergency and need. They can communicate through different means.

Angelology is a branch of theology that continues to grow today. Experiences with angels, literature and ancient texts help human beings reach their own conclusions and recognize their personal vision of the role and nature of the angels of God.

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