Andy Warhol is one of the most prominent and influential figures in Pop Art. He is also one of the most famous artists in the United States and the greatest competitor of Pablo Picasso for being the most sought-after artist in the history of art. In his career he did not lose sight of the following objectives: to be rich, famous and to become a stirring reference in the plastic arts . He accomplished all three.
Andy Warhol: Who was
- Full name : Andrew Warhola.
- Where and when he was born : August 6, 1928 in Piitsburgh, United States.
- Where and when he died : February 22, 1987 in New York, United States.
- Nationality : American.
- Movement, group or school to which it belonged : Pop Art.
- Disciplines he practiced : Painting, screen printing, photography.
Andy Warhol Biography
Of humble origins, Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburg, the son of a miner, who died when he was 14 years old; her mother worked as a cleaner. He was the youngest of three brothers and hated the poverty of his childhood. From an early age he was inclined towards art and his mother encouraged his dedication to drawing and painting by enrolling him in the Carnegie Institute of Technology where he received free classes. He remained there from 1945 to 1949, until his graduation.
Andy Warhola, illustrator
Finally he got the title that allowed him to practice as an illustrator. In September 1949, he moved to New York where he began working for Glamor magazine, as an advertising artist. He soon accumulates awards and becomes a benchmark in his work. He collaborates in different magazines such as Harper’s Bazar, Vogue or The New Yorker. Design all kinds of products, be they shoes, posters or shop windows. He removes the “a” from his last name and, with his characteristic platinum wig, he becomes the Andy Warhol referent of Pop Art.
Already with a very healthy financial situation, Warhol makes a long journey around the world that transforms him and becomes the axis of change of personal and artistic stage: now he wants to achieve success with his painting and alternates this activity with his commercial works.
Andy Warhol, pop artist
He leans towards an art closely linked to advertising and incorporates everyday objects such as Campbell’s soup cans or Coca-Cola bottles into his paintings, for his screenprints he is inspired by myths like Marilyn or comics. Although Andy Warhol manages to connect with the public and the buyers, the art world criticizes him for being based on his commercial universe.
He has since 1967 as agent Fred Hughes, who facilitates his entry into high society. Now it succeeds in both sales and recognition. He begins a series of more personal portraits that will make him world famous. He becomes the painter of celebrities and socialites portraying such important characters as Nixon, Elizabeth II, Jackie Kennedy, Elizabeth Taylor or Elvis Prestley with vibrant colors.
Andy Warhol’s “Factory”
In the 1960s he created the “Factory”, his studio on Calle 47 became a meeting point for experimental artists. There are gatherings and activities that Warhol himself promotes, in its most ” underground ” facet . In 1968, a regular from the “Factory”, Valerie Solanas, shot him in the back, and seriously wounded him. Recovered from the shot, he continues with tireless and diverse creation.
Already well-known, Andy is fully immersed in other artistic facets with which he experiences such as cinema, sculpture, printmaking, fashion, television, performance, publishing … Anyway, any artistic facet in which he could apply any of his novel ideas.
In 1974 he created the “time capsules”, of which more than 600 are preserved, including letters, posters, memories of his childhood or of the moment, or anything in the everyday environment. They were cardboard boxes, which he then sealed and which are gathered in the Andy Warhol Museum . From this decade are his well-known portraits of Mao Tse Tung and the painting of the sign of the dollar.
On February 22, 1897, Andy Warhol underwent a gallbladder operation and, unexpectedly, died in his sleep from a cardiac complication. He was buried in Pittsburg, along with his parents, in recognition of his role as creator and innovator of art. After his death, and following the indications he left in his will, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts was created .