Abortion Laws By State

The United States Supreme Court legalized abortion in 1973. The Supreme Court came to this decision after hearing the case of Roe v. Wade. In fact, every state in the United States of America has at least one abortion clinic. However, each state has a jurisdiction to settle abortion cases. States are also able to criminalize the act in the event that the Supreme Court reverses its sentence on the Roe case. So far, three states already have laws that criminalize abortion. States have an uphill task to clearly define under what circumstances an expectant woman can abort. In this article, we will examine the significant provisions of the various state laws for abortion. These rules are in force despite the fact that the authorities rarely apply them.

Abortion laws in different states

A total of 41 states require only a licensed physician to perform an abortion. In other states 19, abortion can only be performed after a certain length of pregnancy in a hospital. Other states 19 require that a second doctor should be involved after a certain period. In states 43, it is completely illegal to abort unless the life of the waiting woman is in danger and the only way to protect it is through abortion. The 20 States in the United States have legislation that criminalizes abortion “childbirth-birth”. However, 3 of these legislation applies to abortions that have post-profitability. The states 13 have passed legislation under which the state finances any abortion that is medically necessary. However, states 32 refuse to finance any abortion unless federal funds are available. The two circumstances in which federal funds are used to abort is when the pregnancy is the result of a rape, or the life of the expectant woman is in danger. In other states, federal funds are limited to when a woman’s life is in danger. Private insurance plans for abortion are limited in states 11. This insurance coverage is available only when the life of the pregnant woman is in danger. Most states, however, allow for additional insurance coverage for abortion with some additional costs on it. Individual health facilities have been authorized by states 45 to refuse to behave in abortion. On the other hand,

Abortion counseling

The 8 states have legislated that women are advised before taking abortion. Issues such as the link between abortion and breast cancer, the pain that the fetus feels and the consequences on general health are taken into account in counseling. Around states 27 it is necessary for a woman subjected to counseling to receive at least 24 hours to make her decision. The laws in fourteen states 27 require the woman to make two visits to the hospital to get the procedure. At least 37 states require parents of minors who want to have abortions be involved in the decision-making process. The 11 states need at least one parent to be informed of the abortion procedure.

Abortion laws by state

degree State It must be performed by a licensed physician It must be performed in a hospital if At Prohibited to Suppliers may refuse to participate Waiting period (in hours) after counseling Parental involvement required for children
1 TO THE X vitality 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) 48 Consent
2 AK X Individual and private institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order)
3 AZ X vitality vitality Individual and institution 24 Consent
4 AR X 20 weeks (with the exception of rape or incest) Individual and institution 48 Consent
5 CA vitality Individual and religious institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order)
6 CO notice
7 CT vitality vitality Individual
8 DE X Viability (with exception in the case of fetal anomalies) Individual and institution Notice (may be revoked by specific healthcare professionals in certain circumstances)
9 A.D
10 FL X vitality 24 weeks Individual and institution Not in effect (temporarily enjoined by court order) notice
11 GA X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 notice
12 HI X (surgical abortions) vitality Individual and institution
13 ID X vitality vitality Individual and institution 24 Consent
14 THE X (surgical abortions) vitality Individual and private institution notice
15 IN X 20 weeks 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution 18 Consent
16 IA X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution Not in effect (temporarily enjoined by court order) notice
17 KS X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent
18 KY X 2nd quarter 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent
19 THERE X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent
20 MYSELF X vitality Individual and institution
21 MD X Viability (with exception in the case of fetal anomalies) Individual and institution notice
22 BUT X (surgical abortions) 24 weeks Individual and institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order) Consent
23 ME X Viability (with exception in the event of life-threatening) Individual and institution 24 Consent
24 MN X vitality Individual and private institution 24 Notice (for both parents)
25 MS X (only OB / GYN) 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent (from both parents)
26 MO X vitality vitality Individual and institution 72 Consent
27 MT Viability (with the exception of a threat to a woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order) Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order)
28 NEITHER X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent
29 NV X 24 weeks 24 weeks Individual and private institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order)
30 NH notice
31 NJ X (surgical abortions) 14 weeks Individual and private institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order)
32 NM X (surgical abortions) Individual and institution Not in force (permanently enjoined by the court order)
33 NY X (surgical abortions) 24 weeks (with exception in the event of life-threatening) Individual
34 NC X 20 weeks 20 weeks Individual and institution 72 Consent
35 ND X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent (from both parents)
36 OH X 20 weeks 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent
37 OK X 2nd quarter 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution 72 Consent and notice
38 OR Individual and private institution
39 PA X vitality 24 weeks (with the exception of a threat to a woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution 24 Consent
40 RE 24 weeks (with exception in the event of life-threatening) Individual Consent
41 SC X 3rd quarter 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution 24 Consent
42 SD X 24 weeks 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 72 (excluding weekends and annual holidays) notice
43 TN X vitality Viability (with the exception of a threat to a woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 48 Consent
44 TX X 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and private institution 24 Consent and notice
45 UT X Viability (with the exception of rape or incest or fetal abnormalities) Individual and private institution 72 (renounced in the event of rape, incest and fetal defect, or if the patient is younger than 15) Consent and notice
46 VT
47 IT GOES X 2nd quarter 3rd quarter Individual and institution 24 Consent and notice
48 WA X (surgical abortions) vitality Individual and institution
49 WV 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) 24 Notice (may be revoked by specific healthcare professionals in certain circumstances)
50 WI X vitality 20 weeks (with the exception of a threat to the woman’s physical health) Individual and institution 24 Consent (may be revoked by specific health professionals in certain circumstances)
51 WY X vitality Individual and private institution

 

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