You have probably heard a lot about hypertension or know someone who suffers from this disease, right? According to the Brazilian Society of Hypertension , at least 25% of the adult population today is hypertensive.
Also known as high blood pressure or hypertension, this condition in severe circumstances, can lead to heart disease , stroke ( stroke ) – the disease that kills the Brazil – and kidney failure.
With a change in lifestyle and adherence to treatment, however, it is possible to have a healthy routine and circumvent the probability of developing something serious in the future. To learn more about the topic, continue reading our article below.
- What is hypertension
Hypertension can be explained as the prolonged increase in pressure that allows blood to circulate through all of our arteries. In order to understand it, it is essential to know that it occurs in the resistance offered by the vessels to the passage of blood pumped from the heart, through the artery, towards the whole body. Over time, the condition tends to lead to dilation of the heart and damage to the arteries.
- Predominance and stages of the disease
In the world today, it is estimated that about 1 billion people have some level of high blood pressure, according to information from The Lancet. Most of them are not even aware that they suffer from evil.
More common among elderly patients and women after menopause, due to issues such as stress and poor eating habits, in addition to physical inactivity, it is also capable of affecting the younger population.
To classify and diagnose high blood pressure, three stages are used by health professionals, after measuring the values, in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), of systolic blood pressure – also known as maximum pressure, at the time of heart contraction – and diastolic – at rest of the muscle.
- stage I: above 140 by 90 and below 160 by 100;
- stage II: above 160 by 100 and below 180 by 110;
- stage III: above 180 by 110.
- Causes of hypertension
Although it is not always possible to identify the main cause of hypertension, there are factors that contribute to the development of the disease, some of which are:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- excessive alcohol consumption;
- high sodium diet;
- advancing age;
- Symptoms of those who have hypertension
In most cases of hypertension, there are no obvious symptoms. Normally, thus, they appear when the disease is already at an advanced stage or when its increase is sudden. Among the most common reports are headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ear, chest pain and blurred vision.
The treatment of the condition varies according to the stage it is in. If it is already more advanced, for example, it is recommended to use medications, such as vasodilators, capable of keeping the vessels more relaxed to pump blood.
In addition, however, the most important change is in lifestyle. The first recommendations involve the adoption of good eating habits, the regular practice of physical exercises, quitting smoking and decreasing the consumption of sodium, which occurs when avoiding processed foods, such as instant noodles and ready-made sauces.
A diet rich in potassium, calcium and magnesium is excellent for hypertensive patients, as they naturally help to reduce pressure. Weight and stress control are also added to the treatment.
It is common, therefore, for the doctor to recommend relaxation and psychotherapy techniques, so that the patient maintains a stable psychological condition. The measure is essential, since stress stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and thus raises the pressure in the arteries.
In the end, after knowing more about hypertension, you can understand why it is so important to diagnose it and start treatment, right? Although the prevalence of the disease is high in Brazil and worldwide, the adoption of new habits and medical monitoring tend to minimize its effects and provide quality and health to the lives of those who live with it.