30 examples of democracy

Some examples of democracy are elections, freedom of expression, referendum, existence of political parties, right to strike, freedom of the press, right to education, among others.

In its classic form, democracy is a form of government or social organization, in which power is exercised by the majority of citizens through voting. In this form of government, collective participation mechanisms are used to make fundamental decisions.

In ancient times, civilizations began to seek more participatory and egalitarian forms of government. Thus “tribal democracy” was born. In the broad sense, democracy is a form of social coexistence whose interests are oriented towards equality and the freedom to make decisions on the part of citizens.

It is one of the most relevant words in the political lexicon of the West. The word democracy comes from the Greek and the parts that compose it are “demos” and  government of cratos” , “government of the people”. This system is not perfect, but it has been the most ideal way to govern and resolve social conflicts in contemporary societies.

One of the hallmarks of today’s democracy was 500 BC in Athens, when the “people’s assembly” appeared. Although it was an important advance, it was always criticized that only free men participated. Slaves (70% of the population) were excluded. Disagreements over democracy are still present today.

The most widespread form of democracy is “representative”, although there are countries that defend “participatory” democracy as a deepening of citizens’ power.

They also highlight “deliberative” democracy that emphasizes the “social” debate process or democracy, which fully recognizes the participation of society and civil organizations in the exercise of social dialogue.

Throughout history, democracy has acquired new paradigms and meanings. The first democracies were attempts to expand participation, but there were slaves, women did not participate and human rights were not respected. Today, without these three factors, a democracy would be practically tainted by dictatorship or tyranny.


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You may also be interested in seeing the 7 characteristics of democracy that are most relevant.

30 examples of democracy

1- Free expression .It is one of the main conditions. Without freedom of expression, there is no debate or dissemination of ideas.

2- The referendum . It is a mechanism for accidental participation to make fundamental decisions about the fate of a city or country.

3- Elections . In democracies, citizens choose their governors and representatives directly or indirectly through suffrage.

4- Plebiscite . It is a type of consultation that the government makes to the people to make transcendental decisions in the direction and in the political structure.

5- Right to request . Any citizen who meets the minimum requirements established by law can apply for any elected office

6- Repeal . It is a participation mechanism in which citizens can override decisions or suspend the mandate of a government official

7- Freedom of the press .It is the media’s right to freely inform what is happening in the country without pressure or blackmail

8- Right to protest .Modern democracies contemplate the right to protest in a peaceful and civic manner without being repressed by the authorities

9- Election of representatives . Citizens can choose the people who represent them before the government. These can be deputies or senators

10- Citizen initiatives . Includes a mechanism under which organized people propose draft laws or policies with a social impact

11- Local election . In democracies, the governors of the province or municipalities are not elected by the president, but by the people

12- Political parties . The existence of different parties strengthens pluralism and guarantees the free political association of citizens

13- Unions . They are commercial organizations that serve factories and public institutions that fight for workers’ rights


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14- Free meeting. People can meet or join for political, economic and social purposes without additional restrictions beyond those limited by law.

15- Associations and clubs . Allows for the existence of various religious or social associations that come together for their own purposes

16- NGOs and waxers . Allows non-governmental organizations and opinion researchers to analyze and disseminate social reality aloud

17- Popular assemblies .They are spaces for grouping inhabitants of a sector to talk about problems and seek solutions

18- Student centers . Enables student centers to fight for student rights and improvements

19- Division of powers . There is a balance between executive, judicial and parliament. Although other nations have created more powers

20- Freedom of transit . In democracies, citizens can move freely without restrictions, unless an extraordinary situation is developing

21- A constitution . It is the great Charter that establishes the fundamental precepts of convenience and social order of a democratic society

22- Respect for the laws . No citizen, however powerful, may break the law without being sanctioned by the responsible institutions

23- Strong institutions .Every democracy has institutions that regulate life in different fields and are respected for their preeminence.

  1. Ensure DD.HH. The rights of citizens emanating from the French Revolution were fully adopted by contemporary democracies

25- Staff appeal .Public officials can appeal their efforts through parliament or the courts

26- Accountability . The authorities have a duty to account for the use and distribution of resources to the relevant institutions

27- Signature of treaties . Today, democratic countries sign treaties to strengthen democracy based on common laws


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28- Cooptation . Democracy also allows the head of state to designate his team and some important positions to avoid falling into “hyper-participation”

29- Right to education . Democracies understand that educated citizens strengthen the democratic beliefs of the population and are difficult to manipulate

30- Respect and tolerance. Democratic citizens respect and tolerate each other, despite having different views.


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