20 Universal Facts About Albania

Albania is a small country in south-eastern Europe. The capital of the country is Tirana, and it is the largest city of Albania with 700,000 inhabitants. The official language of Albania is Albanian and the country code is 355. The country has very interesting statistics and facts unknown to most people. Some of them are listed below.

  • Only 3 million people live in the country. There are more Albanians living outside the country than in its territories. The estimated population of the Albanian diaspora is between seven and ten million.
  • Mother Teresa is the heroine of the country. It is also the only Nobel prize in Albania.
  • The majority of Albanians are Muslim. This is because the country was under Ottoman rule. Islam was introduced in the country in 14 th century, but most of the people was Islamized during the 17 th century.
  • In 1967, Albania was proclaimed the first atheist state in the world. Under the leadership of Enver Hoxha, religion was banned and anyone who broke the law had to be jailed for 3 in the 10s.
  • The current Republic of Albania is the fourth republic to be established in the country. It was formed in April 29, 1991.
  • Among the Balkan nations, Albania ranks fourth in reducing unemployment rates. This low level of unemployment is due to the country’s reforms oriented towards its economy and state institutions.
  • The highest point in Albania is Mount Korab, which is 2,764 meters high. Albania shares this mountain with two other countries, Kosovo and Macedonia. The mountain is the highest point in both other countries.
  • Lake Scutari, the largest lake in southern Europe, is located in Albania. The lake, whose surface varies between 370 sq km and 530 sq km, is divided between Albania and Montenegro. Only a third of the lake lies within the Albanian borders.
  • The oldest lake in Europe is in Albania. The lake, known as Ohrid, is one of the ancient lakes of the world. A variety of unique plants and animal species, as well as living fossils, are found on the lake. The lake is protected by UNESCO for its heritage.
  • The country has small islands 13. Only two of these are more than 1 per square kilometer. These two islands are Kunë and Sazan.
  • Four glaciers were discovered in the country in 2009 by a group of University of Colorado explorers. The unique glaciers found in the Cursed Mountains of Northern Albania are located at a low altitude of 2,000 meters and are the most southern glaciers in Europe.
  • The small country has significant biodiversity. A variety of plant species 3,250 can be found in the country, which is almost a third of all plant species present in Europe.
  • The 91 animal species declared at global risk can be found in the country. These include the pygmy cormorant, the Mediterranean monk seal and the Dalmatian pelican.
  • Albania is one of the European countries with a long history of grape cultivation. The vines have been grown in the country since the Ice Age, and the oldest seeds found in Albania are between 4,000 and 6,000.
  • The second largest oil field in the Balkan region is located in Albania. The country’s oil reserves are the largest in Europe.
  • Albania is one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of chromium. It is also known for the production of coal, nickel and copper.
  • Most of the country’s revenues come from the service sector, especially tourism. Lonely Planet recommended the country as the chosen travel destination in 2011. Between 2005 and 2012, Albania recorded an incredible increase of 740% in the number of foreign tourists.
  • The coast of the Ionian Sea is also known as the Albanian Riviera for its pristine and beautiful beaches.
  • The country’s internet is among the fastest and cheapest in Europe. For example, ABcom is an Albanian ISP company that offers a 30mbit download package for about $ 2.4 a month.
  • Albania is the largest hydropower producer in the world. 100% of the country’s energy is hydroelectric.
  • The largest and busiest seaport in Albania, the port of Durres, is one of the largest passenger ports in the Adriatic Sea. It handles around 1.5 million passengers every year.
  • The country has only one international airport, located in Tirana. The airport is named in honor of Mother Teresa and is the only port of entry for international travelers.
  • The first radio broadcast in the country was in 1938 when Albania Radio and Television was formed. Television broadcasts started later in 1960. Today, the country’s media is estimated at 257.
  • Albania is home to three World Heritage sites under UNESCO and four others are included in the provisional list of the organization. Among the sites there is an ancient city located south of Saranda, called Butrint.
  • Ermonela Jaho, one of the country’s renowned modern artists, has been named the most acclaimed soprano in the world by The Economist . Another famous Albanian musician is Rita Ora.
  • The Albanian language is one of the three surviving Indo-European languages ​​besides Armenian and Greek.
  • Albania has more than 200 varieties of traditional clothing. All regions of the country have their own distinct customs. This Albanian trend is unique in Europe.
  • In Albania, the midday meal is the main meal of the country. Includes a main dish of vegetables and meat, followed by a salad of fresh vegetables. The healthy eating habits of the Albanians have reduced the rate of obesity in the country.
  • Pumpkins have a special place in Albania. In addition to being used in kitchens, they are used for display purposes and as gifts.
  • The Tirana International Film Festival, which was founded in 2003, is the most important film festival in the country.
  • One of the main individual sports practiced by the Albanians is weight lifting. The country has won numerous weightlifting championships in European and world competitions.
  • In 2011 Albania ranked sixth in the world in terms of higher literacy levels.

 

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