Zinc nitrate . It is an inorganic chemical compound whose formula is (Zn (NO3) 2 ). It is a white, crystalline, highly deliquescent solid and can typically be found as hexahydrate (Zn (NO3) 2 ) • 6H2O. It is soluble in both water and alcohol.
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- 1 Synthesis and reactions
- 2 Features
- 3 Properties
- 4 Uses and applications
- 5 Handling and storage
- 6 Environmental considerations
- 7 Sources
Synthesis and reactions
Zinc nitrate is obtained by dissolving zinc in nitric acid in a highly concentration-dependent reaction, since a reaction with highly concentrated acid also produces ammonium nitrate:
- Zn + 2 HNO3 (diluted) → Zn (NO3) 2 + H2
- 4 Zn + 10 HNO3 (concentrate) → 4 Zn (NO3) 2 + NH4NO3 + 3 H2O
When subjected to heat, a thermolysis occurs that forms zinc oxide , nitrogen dioxide and oxygen.
2 Zn (NO3) 2 → 2 ZnO + 4 NO2 + O2
Zinc nitrate is a colorless, powdery chemical compound with a metallic taste. Its chemical formula is (Zn (NO3) 2). It is an oxysal formed by:
- 1 zincatom
- 2 nitrogenatoms
- 6 oxygenatoms
The most characteristic properties of cynical nitrate (Zn (NO3) 2) are:
- Molar mass: 189.39 g / mol.
- Density: 2,056 g / cm3.
- Melting point: 110 ºC.
- Boiling point: 125 ºC.
Uses and applications
Among the main applications of zinc nitrate are:
- As a fertilizer it helps the growth of plants and their resistance to diseases
- Laboratory applications.
- In the production of other chemicals
- Medicine production.
- Reagent in the chemical industry.
- As a catalyst in the automotive industry
Manipulation and storage
For new tank mixes a bottle test should always be performed to verify compatibility. It is recommended to store the product above 0oC (32oF) at all times.
Store in a cool place without direct sunlight. Do not use aluminum , copper, or mild steel for storage.
Absorbent combustible materials such as sawdust and other organic materials should never be used to absorb a spill of Zinc Nitrate Solution. Use inert absorbent material for this purpose. Water can be used, but note the “environmental considerations” below. For more information, see the Safety Data Sheet for Zinc Nitrate Solution.
Since Zinc Nitrate Solution is a dangerous oxidizing liquid, spills of the liquid must be contained. The secondary containment around the tanks must be built to control leaks. Flushing water should not be allowed to enter sewers or waterways.