The peritoneum is a serous membrane formed by connective tissue that consists of two sheets: the parietal peritoneum that lines the internal walls of the abdominal cavity, and the visceral peritoneum that totally or partially covers the organs located within the abdominal cavity. Its primary functions are to provide mobility to the organs found in said abdominal cavity, protect the organs against microorganisms or act as a thermal insulator.
Peritoneal carcinomatosis is the intra-abdominal spread of a tumor through the peritoneum. It can have two origins; the peritoneum itself or tumors of the digestive or gynecological tract. The Oncology Unit of the El Pilar Hospital will be in charge of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of said disease.