What is Paracetamol used for?

The Paracetamol acts on the nervous system by altering the perception of pain by the body primarily through the action of receptors by serotonin , the opioids and cannabinoids . Hence, it is an analgesic , i.e. a pain inhibitor. It is an antipyretic because it inhibits the synthesis of the molecules responsible for inflammatory processes (prostaglandins), and therefore lowers body temperature .

What is Paracetamol used for?

Paracetamol is used to counteract mild to moderate pain associated with headache , muscle discomfort, menstrual cycle, cooling syndromes, sore throat, toothache, back pain, osteoarthritis and reactions to vaccinations. Its frequent use is to lower the fever .

It can also be used to reduce migraine pain if it is taken in combination with aspirin and caffeine .

How is Paracetamol taken?

Paracetamol can be taken in the form of tablets, chewable tablets, capsules, suspensions, solutions, prolonged-release tablets or tablets that dissolve in the mouth, then orally . It is also possible to take it rectally, in the form of suppositories.

Side effects of Paracetamol

Taking too much Paracetamol can damage the liver.

A doctor should be contacted immediately if taking the drug is associated with:

  • redness of the skin, exfoliation or blistering
  • difficulty swallowing
  • breathing difficulties
  • swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips , eyes, hands, feet, ankles or calves
  • urticaria
  • itch
  • rash
  • hoarseness

Contraindications and warnings on the use of Paracetamol

Before administering Paracetamol to pediatric patients, it is advisable to check that the medicine available is suitable for pediatric use . It is always a good practice, regardless of this, to seek advice from your doctor , and it is essential to avoid giving Paracetamol to children with headache, rash, nausea or vomiting or severe sore throat associated with vomiting. These symptoms may signal a problem that requires different types of treatment.

To use Paracetamol safely is essential :

  • do not take several Paracetamol-based products at the same time;
  • follow the dosage indicated on the package insert or by the doctor and never exceed 4,000 mg per day;
  • do not exceed 2 doses of alcohol per day.

Your doctor should always be informed in case of:

  • liver problems (also in the past);
  • phenylketonuria ;
  • allergies to the active substance, its excipients or other drugs;
  • taking other medicines, herbal medicines or supplements at the same time, remembering to mention anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, painkillers, antipyretics, medicines for coughs and colds and phenothiazines;
  • you are pregnant or breastfeeding .

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