The concept of cultural landscape is related to culture . That is, a complex symbolic system that involves beliefs, values, habits and social practices of a specific group.
It is a type of modified landscape that presents a cultural system through the relationships established between individuals in the community and the surrounding nature.
Example of Cultural Landscape: Riverside Community in Pará
Thus, the cultural landscape designates a natural landscape that has been modified and suffered interference through human actions.
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Natural and Cultural Landscape
Example of Natural Landscape
Unlike the cultural landscape, there is also the natural landscape. It encompasses places where nature dominates, for example, forests, deserts, woods, etc. It is important to note that the natural landscape did not suffer or had little human interference.
Brazilian Cultural Landscape: Examples
Brazil is a country that presents great cultural diversity . Therefore, the cultural landscape is found in all regions of the country.
As examples, we can mention the riverside, quilombola and indigenous communities. They built their own social and cultural systems far from the big cities through the interaction between individuals and the nature that surrounds them.
Example of Brazilian Cultural Landscape: Indigenous Village in Parque do Xingu
For this reason, we must emphasize the tenuous difference that exists between the concepts of modified (or humanized) landscape and the cultural landscape.
The first appears, above all, with the increase in population density, urbanization and industrialization. For this reason, it is more common that it is indicated as one that presents major changes in the natural landscape such as the construction of houses, buildings, industries.
On the other hand, the cultural landscape is determined by the organic relations existing in a territory and which presents unique and special characteristics. This difference is related to the cultural identity of a people.
In short, it is a peculiar type of humanized landscape that has a specific identity. Thus, it is differentiated from other contexts, for example, that of large cities, where almost everything is the result of the massification of the media as well as globalization.
Still, it is important to note that the cultural landscape of a city can be marked by the places where the cultural and historical identity of the people who live there are transmitted. As examples, we can mention churches, monasteries, monuments, museums, etc.