What Is Abdominal Pain;Causes,Treatment And Prevention

Abdominal Pain is any sudden severe and continuing pain in the stomach, usually with muscle rigidity and fever. It may be due lo appendicitis is or diverticulitis. Pain that stops and starts can indicate a blockage of the bowel, kidney stones, or Gallstones. The most common causes of abdominal pain are harmless conditions such as “gas” or “indigestion.”

Almost all of us experience some pain in the abdomen and, most of the time, it is not caused by a serious health problem.There are many organs in the abdomen and abdominal pain can originate from any of them, including:

  • Organs related to digestion: the stomach, the final part of the esophagus, the large and small intestine, the liver, the gallbladder and the pancreas.
  • The aorta: a large blood vessel that goes directly down the inside of the abdomen.
  • The appendix: an organ located in the right lower quadrant that no longer has much functionality.
  • The kidneys: two bean-shaped organs that are deep in the abdominal cavity.
  • The spleen: an organ involved in the maintenance of blood and infection control.

Other ways to describe pain in the abdomen include:

  • Generalized pain:  This type of pain is more typical of a stomach virus,and  gas. If the pain becomes more painful, it can be caused by a blockage of the intestines.
  • Localized pain: It occurs  only one area of ​​the abdomen. This type of pain is more likely to be a sign of a problem in an organ, such as the appendix, gallbladder, or stomach.
  • Cramp-like pain: Most of the time this pain is not serious and is more likely to be due to gas and bloating. It is often followed by diarrhea.


  • Tumors of the abdominal or pelvic organs.
  • Intestinal obstruction.
  • Infarction and intestinal ischemia.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm.
  • Urinary infection.
  • Hernias
  • Ovarian diseases.
  • Endometriosis
  • pregnancy.
  • Uterine myoma.
  • Liver abscess.
  • Sickle cell anemia (sickle cell anemia).
  • Polycystic kidneys.


Some diseases of organs not located in the abdomen / pelvis can present with abdominal pain. They are atypical manifestations of these diseases, but at every step they are seen in medical practice. Among these causes we can mention:

  • Myocardial infarction.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Hernia hiatus.
  • Pleura effusion.

Home care Prevention of Abdominal Pain

Drink water or other clear liquids

Avoid solid foods during the first hours. If you have been vomiting, wait 6 hours. Then, consume  light foods, such as rice, applesauce or cookies. Avoid dairy products.

If pain occurs in the upper abdomen and occurs after meals, antacids may provide some relief, especially if you experience heartburn or indigestion. Avoid citrus fruits, high-fat foods, fried or fatty foods, tomato products, caffeine, alcohol and carbonated beverages. If any of these medicines make the pain worse, CALL the doctor right away.

AVOID acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), ibuprofen, or other anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as narcotic pain medications, unless prescribed by your doctor. If you know that your pain is not related to the liver, you can try paracetamol (Tylenol).

When to call a specialist doctor

Seek immediate medical help or call the local emergency number (112 in Spain) if:

  1. You are currently receiving treatment for cancer
  2. He is unable to pass stool, especially if he is also vomiting
  3. Are vomiting blood or have blood in the stool (especially if they are brown or dark or black and sticky)
  4. Have pain in the chest, neck, or shoulders
  5. You have sudden and severe abdominal pain
  6. Have pain in or between the shoulder blades with nausea
  7. Your belly is stiff, hard and sensitive to touch
  8. Is or could be in pregnancy
  9. You have had a recent injury to your abdomen
  10. You are having trouble breathing

For the prevention of many types of abdominal pain:

Avoid fatty or fatty foods.

Drink plenty of water every day.

Eat small meals more often.

Exercise regularly.

Limit gas-producing foods.

Verify that meals are well-balanced and rich in fiber. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.

For the prevention of symptoms of heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease:

  • Stay up for at least 30 minutes after eating.
  • Raise the head of the bed.
  • Stop eating at least two hours before going to bed.
  • Lose weight if necessary.
  • Stop smoking.

Call your doctor if you have:

Abdominal discomfort that lasts a week or more

Abdominal pain that does not improve in 24 to 48 hours or that is becoming more intense and frequent

Abdominal distention that persists more than two days

Burning sensation when urinating or frequent urination

Diarrhea more than 5 days or if your baby or your child has diarrhea more than two days or vomiting more than 12 hours. Call immediately if a baby less than 3 months old has diarrhea or vomiting.

Fever: above 100 ° F (37.7 ° C) for adults or 100.4 ° F (38 ° C) for children along with pain

Pain that occurs during pregnancy (or possible pregnancy)

Long-term inability

Unexplained weight loss

by Abdullah Sam
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