The neurophysiopathology is the field of neurology, which analyzes the functioning of the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), of the peripheral (nerves) and muscles.
What does the neurophysiopathologist do?
The neurophysiopathologist is the specialist who helps in the formulation of a diagnosis of diseases and disorders that can occur in the nervous system , consequently also affecting the functioning of the muscles. The functioning of the nervous system is assessed by tests and examinations that analyze its electrical activity. Nerve impulses are nothing more than electrical signals that travel along the extensions of neurons. So the state of health of the nervous system is verifiable by studying its electrical activity at the level of the nerves, of their roots at the level of the spine, of the bone marrow, of the structures in the brain, but also a possible state of suffering at the level of the muscles .
What are the pathologies treated by the neurophysiopathologist?
The pathologies most commonly dealt with by the neurophysiopathologist are various and include:
- peripheral nerve compressions, such as carpal tunnel syndrome
- log injury
- Parkinson’s disease
- myasthenia gravis
- hereditary neuropathies
- peripheral neuropathies
- neuromuscular pathologies
- disc protrusions
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- traumas that damage nerve roots or nerve trunks
What are the procedures most used by the neurophysiopathologist?
In general, the neurophysiologist adopts techniques based on the use of electrodes to measure the electrical activity of the central and peripheral nervous system. This expert uses various procedures, including:
- acoustic evoked potentials (BAEPs)
- motor evoked potentials (PEM) of the upper limbs (MEP AS) and of the lower limbs (MEP AI)
- somato-sensory evoked potentials (PEES) of the upper limbs (PES AS) and lower limbs (PES AI)
- visual evoked potentials (PEV)
- trigeminal-facial reflexes
- magnetic resonance imaging
When to ask for an appointment with the neurophysiopathologist?
A visit to the neurophysiopathologist is usually prescribed by the general practitioner or the specialist from whom you are being treated. Symptoms such as pain, tingling and strength deficiency may lead to seeking advice from the neurophysiopathologist