What Does Maths Mean.The etymology of the word mathematics explains that it is derived from the Greek *máthema* , which means “learning, and knowledge. For a better understanding of mathematics we can say that it is divided into four large areas or fields of study, within which we name the following:

## What Does Maths Mean.

**Arithmetic**, is one that is in charge of the study and analysis of numbers or quantities.**Algebra**, which refers to and is responsible for studying and analyzing structures.**Geometry**, its purpose is the study and knowledge of segments and figures.**Statistics**, which is in charge of analyzing and studying the data collected that will be used for the future.

To know the origin of this word, we must go back to Latin, to really know that the roots of the word mathematics come from *mathematicalis* , which at the same time comes from the *Greek mathema* which is understood or can be translated as “the study of a subject”.

### What does mathematics study; What Does Maths Mean

Mathematics deals with many aspects. There is a new demand for mathematicians in many fields of industry and business, not just science.

**Numbers**

Numbers are the basis of mathematics, an invention of humans for the purpose of counting objects. The decimal system that we use today has its origins in India, although they were made known by the Arabs.

**Structures, forms and geometric constructions**

The ancient Greek mathematicians were primarily interested in the study of geometric properties. Concepts such as line, point, circumference, polygons and angles, among others, are widely used in geometry.

**Games**

In mathematics, one of the most interesting study objects are games and sports. For example, the mathematicians CM Tran and LM Silverberg studied the trajectories of free throws in basketball, achieving the best conditions for scoring:

- The player must throw the ball so that it spins three times before reaching the hoop.
- You must aim the ball at the back of the hoop.
- You must throw at an angle of 52º.
- The player must release the ball as high as possible and along the line that connects the player to the basket.
- The player must throw the ball with a smooth body movement.

**odds**

The possibility of an event occurring or not is part of the curiosities that mathematics seeks to decipher. A classic example is the game of dice. If we roll a die, the probability of getting either side on a six-sided die is one sixth (1/6). Using math, we can calculate how many times there will be two sixes if we roll two dice, or three fives if we roll three dice, and so on.

**riddles and riddles**

Many of the unknown problems are treated as brain teasers or logic problems. What if we arranged the digits of the number 6174 from greatest to least, then from least to greatest, and subtracted from each other? It would be something as follows:

7641-1467= **6174** .

We get the same number again: 6174. This was discovered by the Indian mathematician Dattatreya Ramachandra Kaprekar (1905-1986) who characterized himself by playing with riddles.

**Fundamentals of mathematics**

Mathematics is abstract and imaginative. It is based on:

- Intuitive concepts: This is the knowledge that we get intuitively without having prior knowledge. For example, space, matter, quantity and order.
- Definitions: they express the general with the components. For example: a square (general) is a polygon with four sides (components).
- Postulates: A postulate is an intuitive truth that has sufficient evidence to be accepted as such. For example, the sum of two numbers is unique. 2+2 will always be 4.
- Theorem: it is a truth that is not evident, but demonstrable. For example, if a number ends in zero or five, it is divisible by five.
- Problem: it is a practical question in which unknown quantities called
**unknowns**have to be determined , through their relationships with known quantities or**data from the problem**. For example, how many pencils does a student use in a month if she has to change her pencil every four days?