For a Muslim, of course, the various life events he experiences are very diverse. And between events that are faced by Muslims one with another is also different. A small example is sometimes we get what we think is good, sometimes we also get something that is not good or not good.
Everything we do, of course there is a provision from Divine Rabbi, but what needs to be known together is we are also still required to always try and accept everything that happens to each of us. So that we can all accept the provisions gracefully.
For those who believe, of course also have to know about these provisions. In terms of the religion of Islam is often referred to as believing or faith in Qadha and Qadar Allah. Then what is meant by faith in qadha and qadar. The following will be given a brief explanation of the subject.
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Understanding Faith To Qadha and Qadar Allah Almighty.
Faith in Qadha and Qadar Allah. Is one of the six pillars of faith that we must believe. By adding this insight, we hope all of us can add and strengthen our faith.
According to the language of the word qadha has several kinds of understanding including; law, will, notice and can also mean creation.
As for the term qadha means the provisions or provisions of Allah for His creatures, which have existed since the time of azali , where everything has not yet happened. This provision covers many things such as good and bad, or one’s life and death.
Whereas qadar according to language is certainty, size, or regulation. According to the term, qadhar is Allah’s provision which must occur to His creatures, which provision has been determined at the time of azali in accordance with His will (iradah).
Many verses of the Qur’an that explain the above. As in the description of the verse below:
1. QS. Ar-ra’d verse 8
.. وَكُلُّ شَيۡءٍ عِندَهُۥ بِمِقۡدَارٍ ٨
“… and everything on His side has a measure ”
2. QS. Al-Furqaan verse 2
وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيۡءٖ فَقَدَّرَهُۥ تَقۡدِيرٗا ٢
“… And He fixed the measurements neatly ”
3. QS. al-Hadiid verse 22
مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٖ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَا فِيٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡ إِلَّا فِي كِتَٰبٖ مِّن قَبۡلِ أَن َََََََََََََََََََََََََََََََّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّّٞ
“There is no catastrophe that befalls the earth and (not) upon yourself but it was written in the book ( Lauhul Mahfuzh ) before We created it. Verily, this is easy for Allah ”
Related article: Definition and Benefits of Faith in Angels
Benefits of Faith in Qadha and Qadar
Believe in Qadha and Qadar Allah. Certainly has its own benefits for every Muslim. That is, the person is also faith in the destiny of Allah. The benefits of faith in the qadha and qadar of Allah are as follows:
- Increase faith and piety in Allah SWT.
2. Making someone never do arrogant, or takabbur when he is getting happiness or luck.
3. Not easily discouraged or severe stress when he gets a failure or misfortune. Because the person believes that whatever happens to him and others has been arranged by Him.
4. Always be patient and trust God Almighty. For everything that has been given by Allah Almighty. to all of us. Because all that will also return to Him. As explained in QS. al-Baqarah verse 156.
ٱلَّذِينَ إِذَآ أَصَٰبَتۡهُم مُّصِيبَةٞ قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّآ إِلَيۡهِ رَٰجِعُونَ ١٥٦
“(Ie) those who, when afflicted by disaster, they say: ” Inna lillaahi wa innaa ilaihi raaji´uun “ (indeed we belong to Allah and to Him is our return)
The Function of Faith in Qadha and Qadar
Belief in Qadha and Qadar also has a function in our daily lives. Its functions include:
- Always be prejudiced (Husnudzan) to Allah SWT.
2. Motivate yourself to strive, pray and work hard. As explained in QS. ar-Ra’d verse 11;
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوۡمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُواْ مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمۡۗ ..
“…. Truly Allah does not change the state of things of a people so that they change the conditions that exist in themselves. … ”
- Avoid yourself from the attitude of kufr, because always be thankful to God Almighty.
4. Optimistic in carrying out all the commands of Allah swt. and not easily discouraged. As illustrated in QS. Joseph verse: 87
.. وَلَا تَاْيَۡٔسُواْ مِن رَّوۡحِ ٱللَّهِۖ إِنَّهُۥ لَا يَاْيَۡٔسُ مِن رَّوۡحِ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّا ٱلۡقَوۡمُ ِلۡنَٰ
“… Do not despair from the grace of God. Surely there is no despair from Allah’s mercy, but the disbelievers ”
Thus a brief explanation of faith in qadha and qadarnya Allah Almighty. Hopefully we can all live and practice these explanations in our daily lives.