The syncretism is characterized by the union of cultural, religious and ideological different that will form a new culture, religion or society.
Religious syncretism consists of the presence of a ritual, idea, organization, symbols or artistic objects originating from one religion and which are incorporated into the other.
The human being uses elements of his environment and culture to honor his gods or god. Therefore, there is no pure religion or that there was no mixture of existing cults.
Therefore, we can say that in all religions we find traces of religious syncretism.
Here are some examples:
Christianity was born out of Judaism, and one of the pillars of this belief, the Torah, is part of the set of Christian holy books, the Bible. Likewise, the great Jewish festival, Passover, is present in Christianity, after being re-signified by Christians.
Likewise, the Catholic Church took elements of the administration from the Roman Empire absorbing its organization. An example is the institution of a maximum leader, the Pontiff. This title, however, comes from the Roman polytheistic religion and belonged to the most prestigious priest of the Pontifical College.
The mixture of elements can be observed in all existing religions, as there is no pure religion.
Candomblé is also a syncretized religion. In Africa, each tribe worshiped only one orixá, but here in Brazil, as several nations got together, the way was to praise the greatest possible number of orixás so that everyone felt welcomed.
Syncretism in Umbanda
Umbanda is a Brazilian religion, of African origin, where there are several syncretisms.
This belief has elements of Kardecism, Candomblé, indigenous religion, Catholicism, among other cults. Syncretism occurs both at the doctrinal level with elements of monotheism, reincarnation and figures to be worshiped, as well as on the outside, as its celebrations take place in a House or Terreiro.