Potassium Tartrate Sodium: Potassium and sodium salt of tartaric acid, an acid of natural origin present in various fruits, especially grapes .
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- 1 Metabolism
- 1 Properties
- 2 Preparation
- 3 Sources
Potassium sodium tartrate acts as a regulator of acidity and as an antioxidant. It is also used as a stabilizer and emulsifier.
It is mainly used in cheeses and meats, as well as its derivatives.
It is not metabolized in the body ; reason why it is excreted through the urine without causing side effects
The maximum daily intake is 30 mg / kg of body weight.
Sodium Potassium Tartrate is a double salt first made by an apothecary, Pierre Seignette, from La Rochelle, France. As a result, the salt is known as the salt of the Seignette salt. Rochelle salt should not be confused with rock salt, which is simply the mineral form of sodium chloride. Sodium and potassium tartrate and monopotassium phosphate were the first materials discovered to exhibit piezoelectricity. This property has led to its extensive use in gramophone “glass” pick-ups, microphones, and headphones during the post-war consumer boom in mid-20th century electronics. These transducers have exceptionally high power with typical cartridge pick-up outputs up to 2 volts or more.
It is a colorless to blue-white salt crystallizing in the orthorhombic system. Its molecular formula is KNaC 4 H 4 O 64 H 2O. It is slightly soluble in alcohol, but more completely soluble in water. It has a specific gravity of about 1.79, a melting point of about 75 ° C, and has a salty, cooling flavor. As a food additive and its E number is E337. It has been used in medicine as a laxative. It has also been used in the process of silver plating mirrors. It is an ingredient in Fehling’s solution, previously used in the determination of reducing sugars in solutions. In organic synthesis, it is used in aqueous workups to break emulsions, in particular for reactions where a based aluminum hydride reagent was used .
It is a common precipitant in the crystallography of proteins and is also an ingredient in the Biuret reagent used to measure protein concentration. This ingredient maintains cupric ions in solution at an alkaline pH.
Sodium and potassium tartrate, can be prepared by adding 0.5 mol of sodium carbonate to the hot solution containing 1 mol potassium bitartrate. The solution is filtered hot. This solution is then dried to solid precipitate tartrate of sodium and potassium , as small crystallites. Rochelle’s largest salt crystals have been grown under reduced gravity and convection conditions aboard Skylab.