The sensitive skin is a phenomenon that can affect both children and adults . we see briefly what are the causes and symptoms involved.
The skin becomes sensitive when its barrier function is compromised, consequently it becomes sensitive to external agents. This skin disorder can occur at any time in life and affect anyone, although some individuals are more predisposed than others.
Sensitive skin can be accompanied by more or less severe symptoms: from itching to intense physical discomfort.
What are the characteristics of sensitive skin?
Sensitive skin symptoms can be divided into visible and sensory. The visible ones are erythema, peeling, swelling or roughness; the sensory ones are itching , tension and burning .
These disorders can mainly affect areas such as the face , lips and scalp but it is not excluded that they can also occur on the rest of the body.
In the case of hypersensitive skin the reactions can be more severe or simply more frequent and in the worst cases a skin tending to rosacea or couperose can develop .
Sensitive skin symptoms can be kept under control with the use of special products that relieve discomfort and itching, such as Bepanthenol® Sensiderm .
What is it caused by?
The skin becomes sensitive due to a combination of internal and external factors. The former relate to age, hormones or particular predispositions.
As the skin ages, there is a lack of certain substances that keep it hydrated and its barrier function is lost, resulting in an imbalance of the pH and a greater tendency to dehydration. As a result, mature skin is more sensitive to external agents and is subject to dryness and sensitivity.
Hormonal imbalance can reduce the effectiveness of the skin’s protective function. This decompensation can be caused by specific phases such as pregnancy and the menstrual cycle or by excessive levels of stress . Excessive sweating can also lead to suboptimal skin hydration.
The chances of developing sensitive skin are increased in individuals with dry skin, atopic dermatitis, acne , psoriasis and rosacea. Even undiagnosed food intolerances can cause allergic reactions and therefore skin irritation.
The external factors that contribute to the manifestation of sensitive skin are instead due to the climate, the incorrect or excessive use of some products or the intake of some drugs.
Seasonal and temperature changes can be a determining factor. In the case of excessive cold the glands reduce the production of some substances risking dehydrating the skin, while when it is hot they produce more sweat which, evaporating, dries the skin.
The use of soap or cosmetics that contain traditional surfactants can be harmful as these products tend to remove the lipids that protect the skin by creating an imbalance in the optimal pH levels.
Finally, some pharmacological treatments or medicines can also cause temporary phenomena of sensitive skin.